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An acquired or physiological lack or deficit within the individual.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


  1. the basic requirements necessary to sustain human life. MASLOW (1954) suggested a hierarchy of needs from the basic physiological needs for food, safety and shelter, to psychological needs of belonging, approval, love, and finally the need for SELF-ACTUALIZATION. Only the physiological needs are essential for sustaining life and, according to Maslow, must be fulfilled before higher needs can be met. Some sociologists have argued that the existence of human needs indicates that universal FUNCTIONAL PREREQUISITES for the survival of any society can be identified.
  2. any socially acquired individual ‘drive’ (personality need), e.g. ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION.
  3. a distinction may also be drawn between basic needs and felt needs. In ECONOMICS, the term wants is used to refer both to psychological and social ‘felt needs’ and also to the goods which stimulate these.
While many sociologists have registered their dissatisfaction with NEEDS 1 , arguing that human needs are not universal but socially formed, conceptions of human needs have not been confined to psychologists or functionalist sociologists. Frankfurt School neo-Marxist sociologists (e.g. MARCUSE) refer to the ‘false needs’ created by capitalist societies, thus implying human ‘needs’. Conceptions of ‘absolute’ and ‘relative’ POVERTY also depend on conceptions of physiological and social needs. see also BASIC HUMAN NEEDS.
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
References in periodicals archive ?
A statement said that despite the fact that the Ministry of National Health Services was directed by the chairman of Senate Standing committee on NHS to change the basic requirement for Diploma of Homeopathy Medical Sciences (DHMS) from matriculation to Intermediate (pre-medical).
He said it is imperative for the two agencies to collaborate, and make the NIN a basic requirement for all public officers who come forward for asset declaration.
The second basic requirement is to educate our young people and provide them with the technical skills needed to recover from the decline in meaningful skills training that is the fundamental requirement of all successful economies.
Bader Al-Issa has called for mobilizing international efforts to provide "good, just and comprehensive education" as a basic requirement for realizing the 2015-2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
According to the MP, these people are unable to meet their basic requirement, including food needs.
Expecting electricity from dams as basic requirement is like to goring a goat for the sake of its lever.
In the food and beverage industries it is a basic requirement that pumps must be compliant with EHEDG, FDA and 3A regulations.
That is, they cannot restore multiple systems to the same point in time--a basic requirement in all disaster recovery systems.
The research, conducted by Comma as the school holidays begin, revealed a third of drivers don't even carry a spare set of bulbs a basic requirement in most EU countries.
Everyone knows that the basic requirement of an Evertonian is a sense of humour - Mr Selleck fits the bill perfectly!
Homeland security is now a basic requirement of the job.

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