5-8 x 3.5-5.5 [mu]m, (n=53/5/5, Q=0.83-1.77, Qm=1.40), short-broadly ellipsoid in profile view, globose in polar view, with obscure pustules, appearing almost smooth or with minute to obscure angles in polar view, hilar appendix conspicuous, thin-walled, hyaline, inamyloid (Fig.
7.5-12.5 x 4-5.7 um, elliptical, obtuse, with prominent apiculus, hyaline to pale yellow, spore wall loses its colour in Melzer's regeant.
Conditions for basidiospore
production in the brown rot fungus Gloeophyllum sepiarium in axenic culture.
6.2-8.0 x 2.4-3.8 [micro]m, ellipsoid, smooth, thin-walled, acyanophilous, inamyloid.
Molds commonly found in leaf surface/outdoor taxa (e.g., Basidiospores
, 98%; Cladosporium, 97%; Ascospores, 92%) were detected most frequently indoor and reflected what was detected outdoors and molds associated with severe water damage (e.g., Ulocladium, 18%; Chaeromium, 15%; Stachybotrys, 3%) were not as commonly detected indoors and also reflected what was detected outdoors.
Table 5 presents the non-viable fungi (spores) results indicating the presence of basidiospores
, botrytis, Cladosporium, hyphal elements, and Penicillium/Aspergillus type spores.
(5-)6-7(-8) x (3-)3.5-4.5(-5) x 3-4 [micro]m, narrowly subellipsoid, oblong ellipsoid or obscurely subrhomboid in face-view, subellipsoid in side-view, thin-walled, wall 0.5-0.8 [micro]m thick, pale to dark yellowish-brown, with a truncate germ pore, and a short and acute apiculus.
Possible explanations for our finding include decreased mold allergenicity (when compared to standardized extracts), the dilution of the relevant allergens in the mixture used, the unavailability of FDA-approved extracts against basidiospores
(which are the most prevalent mold spores in air samples) (21), and the possibility that the high levels of exposure to mold have led to tolerance instead of sensitization (22).
Spores marked as 'others' (Ascospores, Basidiospores
, Epicoccum, Ustilago, Pithomyces, Helminthosporium, Stemphylium, Torula, Botrytis, Didymella) were found to have predominated in the month of August in both 2002 and 2003 with 91.1% and 70.5%, respectively.
The unpleasant smell is directly related to the dispersal of basidiospores
attracting arthropods, such as flies and bees (OLIVEIRA; MORATO, 2000; TUNO, 2002).
neoformans by production of smooth, elongate cylinder- to rod-shaped basidiospores
High concentrations of two groups of fungal spores, basidiospores
and ascospores - emitted from such sources as mushrooms, moulds, and rusts on plants - had a significant association with early wheezing at age 2.