basilica

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basilica

(bəsĭl`ĭkə), large building erected by the Romans for transacting business and disposing of legal matters. Rectangular in form with a roofed hall, the building usually contained an interior colonnade, with an apse at one end or at each end. The central aisle tended to be wide and was higher than the flanking aisles, so that light could penetrate through the clerestory windows. The oldest known basilica was built in Rome in 184 B.C. by the elder Cato. Other early examples are the Basilica Porcia in Rome and one at Pompeii (late 2d cent. B.C.). Probably the most splendid Roman basilica is the one constructed during the reign of Maxentius and finished by Constantine after 313. In the 4th cent. Christians began to build edifices for worship that were related to the form of the basilicas. These had a center nave with one aisle at each side and an apse at one end: on this platform sat the bishop and priests. Basilicas of this type were built not only in Western Europe but in Greece, Syria, Egypt, and Palestine. A good example of the Middle Eastern basilica is the Church of the Nativity at Bethlehem (6th cent.). The finest basilicas in Rome were St. John Lateran and St. Paul's-outside-the-Walls (4th cent.), and San Clemente (6th cent.). Gradually there emerged the massive Romanesque churches, which still retained the fundamental plan of the basilica.
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Basilica

A Roman hall of justice with a high central space lit by a clerestory with a timbered gable roof. It became the form of the early Christian church, with a semicircular apse at the end preceded by a vestibule and atrium.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Basilica

 

(Greek: Basiliká), last codification of Byzantine law, completed in A.D. 890 during the reign of Emperor Leo VI (the Wise), and consisting of 60 books.

The Basilica is based on Justinian’s code of laws. Nevertheless, certain of the code’s regulations that were outmoded or abolished were not included in the Basilica. Moreover, in the Basilica each legal institution is examined in only one place and not in various books, as was the case with Justinian’s code of laws. In drawing up the Basilica, the Procheiron was also utilized, and in the latest copies of the Basilica excerpts are cited from the works of Byzantine jurists of the 11th and 12th centuries. In its class orientation the Basilica reflected the process of peasant oppression. Serfdom was again legalized, and restrictions were removed on the enlargement of private landholdings.

REFERENCE

Basilicorum libri LX, vols. 1-6, edited by C. G. E. Heimbach; vol. 7, edited by E. G. Terrini and J. Mercati. Leipzig, 1833-97.

Z. M. CHERNILOVSKII

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

basilica

basilica: Typical plan. A, D, apse; B, B’, secondary apse; C, high altar; D, bishop’s throne; G, transept; H, nave; J, J’, aisles
1. A Roman hall of justice, typically with a high central space lit by a clerestory and lower aisles all around it, and with apses or exedrae for the seats of the judges.
2. The form of the early Christian church, a central high nave with clerestory, lower aisles along the sides only,
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

basilica

1. a Roman building, used for public administration, having a large rectangular central nave with an aisle on each side and an apse at the end
2. a rectangular early Christian or medieval church, usually having a nave with clerestories, two or four aisles, one or more vaulted apses, and a timber roof
3. a Roman Catholic church having special ceremonial rights
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Also known as the Basilica of Our Lady of the Snows, the Blessed Mother, in an apparition in the year 352, requested for a church to be dedicated in her honor on the spot to be indicated by a miraculous fall of snow on a hot summer night.
The devotees, parishioners and pilgrims to the recently declared Basilica of the National Shrine of Our Lady of Mount Carmel are now becoming familiar with the three new emblems in the basilica-the umbraculum, tintinnabulum and papal cross keys-that signify its new status.
A short distance from the basilica you will find the Vatican Museum.
What qualified the Shrine of Our Lady of Manaoag in Pangasinan for the prestigious title of "basilica minore," the highest recognition granted by popes for the churches outside of Rome?
Joseph's Basilica, the oldest of 75 Polish-American parishes in New England, is the "Mother Church of all New England Polish-Americans," according to the monsignor.
A la basilica de San Francisco y al sagrado convento anexo, asi como a la basilica de Santa Maria de los Angeles asignamos como nuestro legado a un cardenal de la santa Iglesia romana, el cual, aun sin gozar de jurisdiccion, tendra la mision de perpetuar con su autoridad moral los estrechos vinculos de comunion entre los lugares sagrados por el recuerdo del Poverello y esta Sede apostolica.
PERHAPS IT WAS THAT SENSE OF smallness or sameness that drove medieval Christians to make pilgrimages to the great churches of Europe, to take to the road and visit the shrines of saints in basilicas scattered from England to Italy.
The Basilica has been subsequently renovated and additions made since its completion almost 150 years ago.
Archbishop George Carey and Metropolitan Athanasios, representing Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew, the spiritual leader of the world's Orthodox Christians, knelt in silent prayer with the Pontiff after helping him to push open the Holy Door of St Paul's Outside the Walls Basilica.
Peter's particularly distinguishes that music establishment: the manuscript SPB80, a collection of polyphonic masses and motets intended for performance at the basilica, copied circa 1475.
Freddie Astudillo, rector of the Badoc Minor Basilica and Fr.
THE Vatican has recently declared the creation of two new 'Minor Basilica' in Ilocos Norte and Metro Manila.