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(băz`əl), any plant of the genus Ocimum, tender herbs or small shrubs of the family Labiatae (mintmint,
in botany, common name for members of the Labiatae, a large family of chiefly annual or perennial herbs. Several species are shrubby or climbing forms or, rarely, small trees.
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 family), mostly of Old World warm regions and cultivated for the aromatic leaves. The basil of Keats's "Isabella" (and of Boccaccio's story) is the common or sweet basil (O. basilicum), once considered medicinal. This is the species usually used for seasoning; it is grown commercially chiefly in the Mediterranean area. There are also the holy basil, venerated in India; the bush basil; and related plants sometimes called basil. Basil is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Lamiales, family Labiatae.
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The plant for stress. Blossom colors range from white to pink to lavender; flavor is similar to the leaves, but milder. Basil has different varieties and flavors that taste like lemon or mint. Chew handful of leaves twice a day to prevent stress and depression. It also purifies the blood and is used to expel worms, for stomach cramps, vomiting, colds, flu, headaches, cough, menstrual pains, ulcers, making stomach acid. Adaptogen. Juice helps sore eyes and night blindness, and can also be applied to skin to help skin conditions. A couple drops of basil juice in the eyes daily at bedtime. Put into food processor with a little bit of oil, put into small freezer bags and freeze it. You can use year round -add to sauces, soups etc.



(Basíleios). Emperors of Byzantium:

Basil I the Macedonian. Born May 25, 836(?); died Aug. 29, 886, in Constantinople. Emperor beginning in 867; founder of the Macedonian dynasty.

Basil was of Macedonian (more accurately of Thracian) peasant origin. He made a brilliant career at the court of Emperor Michael III, and in 866 he became Michael’s coruler. After assassinating the emperor, Basil I seized the throne. Basil I conducted a policy of strengthening the centralized state. He crushed the Paulician movement. He introduced Roman law (publication in the years 870-879 of the Procheiron and the preparation of the Epanagoge). He carried on a struggle against the Arabs in the east and in Italy; with this objective he sought an alliance with Emperor Louis II, who ruled from 855 to 875, and with the papacy (Photius was deposed in 868, and Ignatius, a supporter of rapprochement with the pope, was restored to the patriarchal throne). In 886, Basil I recognized the independence of the Armenian state. Around 883-885 a conspiracy by the feudal nobility against Basil I, in which Photius turned out to be involved, was discovered.


Vasil’ev, A. A. “Vizantiia i araby. … ” Zapiski istoriko-filologicheskogo fakul’teta Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta, 1902, part 66, pp. 5-96.
Vogt, A. Basile I-er, empereur de Byzance (867-886).… Paris, 1908.


Basil II the Bulgar-Slayer. Born 958 in Constantinople; died there on Dec. 15, 1025. Emperor beginning in 976.

Basil II crushed the revolts of the provincial landowning nobility headed by Bardas Sclerus (976-979) and Bardas Phocas (987-989). He defeated Phocas with the help of the Kievan prince Vladimir, who was married to Basil’s sister Anna. In the interests of the officials of the capital and the urban commercial-artisan elite, Basil tried to limit the growth of large secular landholdings and tried to prevent the ruin of the taxpayers—that is, the free peasantry. By the end of his rule, he had won a considerable amount of territory from the Arabs and extended the domain of the empire at the expense of Armenian and Georgian lands. After a long war with the Western Bulgarian kingdom, he subjugated it to Byzantium in 1018; for the cruelty displayed in this war, he was nicknamed the Bulgar-Slayer.


Imperator Vasilii Bolgaroboitsa: Izvlechenie iz letopisi I akh” i Antiokhiiskogo. Published, translated, and explicated by V. R. Rozen. St. Petersburg, 1883.



[′bāz·əl or ′baz·əl]
The common name for any of the aromatic plants in the genus Ocimum of the mint family; leaves of the plant are used for food flavoring.
Sheephide tanned with bark.

bezel, basil

The bevel or sloping edge of a cutting tool, as an ax or chisel.


1. a Eurasian plant, Ocimum basilicum, having spikes of small white flowers and aromatic leaves used as herbs for seasoning: family Lamiaceae (labiates)
2. a European plant, Satureja vulgaris (or Clinopodium vulgare), with dense clusters of small pink or whitish flowers: family Lamiaceae
3. basil-thyme a European plant, Acinos arvensis, having clusters of small violet-and-white flowers: family Lamiaceae


Saint, called the Great, ?329--379 ad, Greek patriarch: an opponent of Arianism and one of the founders of monasticism. Feast day: Jan 2, June 14, or Jan 1
References in periodicals archive ?
basilicum methanol extract, sub-fractions from ethyl acetate phase and its pure compounds ursolic acid, oleanolic acid and 3-epiursolic acid on four human cancer cell lines namely, HT-144, MCF-7, NCI-H460 and SF-268 using sulforhodamine B assay [12].
The Thai variety (Ocimum basilicum, also known as "Siam Queen"), featuring small leaves and purple stems, also has a strong flavor imparting a subtle licorice taste.
Antimicrobial (Screening) properties of various plant extracts from Ocimum basilicum L.
Effects of salinity and temperature on germination and seedling establishment of sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.
Para la obtencion de los extractos crudos de accion biocida, se procesaron siguiendo diferentes metodologias, plantas de Allium sativum "ajo" Nicotiana tabacum "tabaco" Uriica magellanica "ortiga" Equisetum bogotense "cola de caballo", Ocimum basilicum "albahaca" y Petrosehnum sativum "perejil" Se realizaron 3 bioensayos con cada extracto, comprobandose a las 24 horas el 100% de mortandad de larvas cuando se aplico el extracto de Nicotiana tabacum "tabaco"; mientras que con los otros extractos la actividad fue nula.
In addition to sweet Italian types, try spicy cinnamon basil, zesty lemon basil (Ocimum basilicum citrodorum), or pungent purple-leafed kinds like 'Dark Opal' and 'Purple Ruffles'.
Effect of hydropriming on seedling growth of Basil (Ocimum basilicum L.
Effects of two sodium salts on fatty acid and essential oil composition of Basil (Ocimum Basilicum L.