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Basingstoke(bā`zĭngstōk), city (1991 pop. 73,027), Hampshire, S central England, on the North Downs. Formerly a market town trading in silk and woolens, it has developed several industries, including the manufacture of agricultural machinery, precision tools and instruments, leather, clothing, and drugs. The city is growing rapidly, largely because of a population overspill from London. In 871, AlfredAlfred,
849–99, king of Wessex (871–99), sometimes called Alfred the Great, b. Wantage, Berkshire. Early Life
The youngest son of King Æthelwulf, he was sent in 853 to Rome, where the pope gave him the title of Roman consul.
..... Click the link for more information. defeated the Danes at nearby Basing; in 1645 Oliver CromwellCromwell, Oliver
, 1599–1658, lord protector of England. Parliamentary General
The son of a gentry family, he entered Cambridge in 1616 but probably left the next year.
..... Click the link for more information. won a victory there. Basingstoke is mentioned as a royal manor in the Domesday BookDomesday Book
, record of a general census of England made (1085–86) by order of William I (William the Conqueror). The survey ascertained the economic resources of most of the country for purposes of more accurate taxation.
..... Click the link for more information. .
a town in S England, in N Hampshire. Pop.: 90 171 (2001)