Basmachi


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Basmachi

(bäsmä`chē), revolt against Communist rule in Central Asia by Muslims and bandits, 1917–30. The Basmachi fought a guerrilla war against the Red Army, leading uprisings in the Fergana and Pamir regions. Government efforts at simultaneously acceding to ethnic demands and ruthlessly pursuing the guerrillas led to the diminution and finally the disappearance of the revolt.
References in periodicals archive ?
From this perspective, the Basmachi rebellion was not an anticolonial uprising but rather an integral part of an internal "Central Asian civil war.
The Russian armies conquered vast areas of Central Asia by 1864, Tashkent and Samarkand by 1874, only the Bukhara held out into the twentieth century, to be finally subdued in the bloody Basmachi campaign of the 1920s.
Memories of the historical Basmachi movement that slowed down the Soviet advance in the region; Moscow's ensuing suspicion that the region is explosive and unreliable; the Jeldoqsan protests in Alma-Ata, which forebore the end of the Soviet Union; two Tulip Revolutions in Kyrgyzstan; the protest alliance of "seemingly antithetical political forces", which included "pro-democracy movement" active in Dushanbe, religious forces, and supporters of an ex-communist leader, Nabiyev, in Tajikistan in opposition to the governing communist nomenklatura (Olcott 2005:45-46); and the active dissident diaspora are some of the examples, which underline the potential for development of a vibrant civil society and social capital mobilized for collective public good in the region.
Throughout the 1920s, the Basmachi revolt fielded tens of thousands of guerrillas against the Soviet Union, fighting on behalf of an autonomous Shariah state and operating across most of Soviet Central Asia.
With the bitter struggle of 1920-21 with the Basmachi still alive in their memory, the Bolsheviks decided that they could not afford to antagonise the many Muslim inhabitants of the Soviet Union.
The Basmachi revolt was an uprising against the Czarist imperial rule and later the Soviet Union by the Muslim, mostly Turkic people of Central Asia.
Soviet troops had fought guerrilla uprisings in Russia during the Civil War from 1918 to 1921, and by 1931 had successfully defeated the forces of the basmachi in Central Asia.
He was involved in hostilities against basmachi (anti-Soviet resistance in Central Asia in 1920-s-1930-s).
The Basmachi [Assailants in Turkic languages] insurrection of 1918-1926 against Soviet rule in Turkestan affected the areas of southern Kazakhstan in the form of ethnic conflict between the Russian settlers and native Muslims.
For details on the locations of the Museum, see Faraj Basmachi, Treasures of the Iraq Museum (Baghdad: Ministry of Information, 1975-76), 9.
Slowly the Basmachi movement petered out and by 1927 Soviet physical control over the five republics that were to constitute Soviet Central Asia was complete.
Not until the mid-1930s were the last of the basmachi, as these guerillas were called, finally defeated and driven into Afghanistan.