Basra

(redirected from Basrah)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.

Basra

Basra (bŭsˈrə), Arabic al Basrah, city (2020 est. pop. 1,352,000), SE Iraq, on the Shatt al Arab. Basra is Iraq's second largest city and principal port. Its commercially advantageous location, near oil fields and 75 mi (121 km) from the Persian Gulf, has made it prosperous, and oil is refined in the city. Petroleum products, grains, wool, and dates are exported. Basra was founded by the caliph Umar I, at the site of modern Az Zabair. It was a cultural center under Harun ar-Rashid and declined with the decay of the Abbasid caliphate. Its possession was long contested by the Persians and the Turks. Largely in ruins by the mid-14 cent., Basra was subsequently re-established on its present site. The British occupied Basra during World War I and used its port; they remained there until 1930. After World War I the construction of a rail line to Baghdad and the building of a modern harbor restored the city's importance. Due to its location on the heavily contested Shatt al Arab waterway, Basra was hard-hit by Iranian forces in the 1980s during the Iran-Iraq War. The port was further bombed by western coalition forces in the Persian Gulf War (1991), primarily to thwart covert trade. Basra is the seat of a branch of the Univ. of Baghdad. The name also appears as Bassora, Bussora, and Busra.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2022, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Basra

 

(or Bassorah), a city in southern Iraq and administrative center of the liwa (province) of Basra. It has a population of 313,000 (1965). Basra is a large port on the Shatt al-Arab River and at high tide is accessible to oceangoing vessels. A railroad and highway junction, it has distilleries, rope and cable production, and handicraft enterprises. Dates are also processed. Oil is extracted nearby at Az Zubayr and Rumaylah. The city is intersected by numerous canals (“Venice of the East”). Most of the city is covered by the verdure of palm groves and orchards.

Basra was founded by Caliph Omar I in 637 or 638 and during the eighth and ninth centuries became one of the most important cultural and economic centers of the Caliphate. The city was destroyed by the Mongols in 1258. In the 1530’s it became part of the Ottoman Empire. In November 1914, Basra was occupied by British troops; after World War I, it became part of Iraq. During the 1930’s, 1940’s, and 1950’s, Basra was one of the centers of the workers’ and anti-imperialist movement.

REFERENCE

Pellat, Ch., and S. H. Longrigg. “Basra.” In Encyclopedic de I’Islam, vol. 1. Leiden-Paris, 1960. Pages 1117–1120.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Basra

, Basrah, Busra, Busrah
a port in SE Iraq, on the Shatt-al-Arab. Pop.: 1 187 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Emerson also manages sales, account management, site management and project execution from the Basrah location.
"Maliki, who several times during the meeting noted his 'deep, deep concern' about the situation in Basrah, cited the long list of urgent problems: violent tribal and political rivalries; totally dysfunctional and compromised police force; mafia-like gangs menacing the city; probable nefarious foreign involvement; and overall collapse of the infrastructure," The Scotsman quoted the cable, as saying.
Andrew and James Lucas, of the West Midlands Regiment, are serving in Basrah.
Ole Jepsen, a food, agriculture and irrigation senior advisor working with the Danish office in Basrah Palace said date palms were a vital part of the Gulf ecosystem.
To my girlfriend Jenni, I love you loads, have a fabulous Christmas and I'm looking forward to seeing you soon.' Private Mark O'Sullivan, 25, from Taff Vale Estate, Edwardsville, Pontypridd, has been a member of the Territorial Army for two years and is serving with the Cambrai Company, Royal Welsh Regiment, at the Basrah Air Station in Iraq, until May 2006.
"Basrah is nothing like life back home - basically life in Iraq is about as different as it gets."
I met with Iraqi families from the poor and middle classes, and I visited pediatric wards in Baghdad and Basrah. The doctors I spoke with told me of their need for up-to-date medical textbooks and journals, life-saving drugs, and essential medical supplies like sutures, anesthesia, I.V.
In the same context, the security forces dispersed demonstrators in front of the governorate office and the Basrah area, demanding better services and rejecting the methods used to disperse their demonstrations, after firing shots in the air and using tear gas.
The 2-million-barrel cargo of Basrah Light was awarded at a premium of $0.42 per barrel over the March 2018 Basrah Light Official Selling Price (OSP).
In 2017, DME hosted several auctions, totalling more than 25 million barrels of different crude oil grades; including Oman Blend, Basrah Light, Basrah Heavy, and Malaysian Kimanis.
This included the first cargo of Basrah Heavy crude sold via DME Auctions.