Bataan


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Bataan

(bătăn`, –tän`, bätä-än`), peninsula and province (1990 pop. 426,000), W Luzon, the Philippines, between Manila Bay and the South China Sea. Balanga is the provincial capital. A mountainous, thickly jungled region, it has some of the best bamboo forests in the Philippines. There is a pulp and paper mill, a large fertilizer plant, and an oil refinery. Subsistence farming is carried on. Early in World War II (Dec., 1941–Jan., 1942), the U.S.-Filipino army withdrew to Bataan, where it entrenched and, despite the lack of naval and air support, fought a gallant holding action that upset the Japanese timetable for conquest. The army was crippled by starvation and disease when it was finally overwhelmed on Apr. 9, 1942. The U.S. and Filipino troops captured there were subjected to the long, brutal, and infamous "Death March," a 66-mi (106-km) trek to the prison camp near Cabanatuan during which some 11,000 perished. Homage is annually paid these victims on Bataan Day, a national holiday, when large groups of Filipinos solemnly rewalk parts of the death route. The battleground of Bataan is now a national shrine. See also CorregidorCorregidor
, historic fortified island (c.2 sq mi/5 sq km), at the entrance to Manila Bay, just off Bataan peninsula of Luzon island, the Philippines. From the days of the Spanish, Corregidor and its tiny neighboring islets—El Fraile, Caballo, and Carabao—guarded the
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Bibliography

See S. L. Falk, Bataan: The March of Death (1962); R.Conroy, The Battle of Bataan (1969); H. Sides, Ghost Soldiers (2001); M. and E. M. Norman, Tears in the Darkness (2009).

Bataan

Philippine peninsula where U.S. troops surrendered to Japanese (1942). [Am. Hist.: NCE, 245]
See: Defeat

Bataan

site of U.S.-Filipino army “death march” (1943). [Am. Hist.: EB, I: 867–868]

Bataan

a peninsula in the Philippines, in W Luzon: scene of the surrender of US and Philippine forces to the Japanese during World War II, later retaken by American forces
References in periodicals archive ?
This is the Bataan peninsula, after all, the final battleground before Filipino and American soldierssurrendered to Japanese forces, the site of the atrocious Death March, the setting of 150 days of hell, as one war veteran called the misery they endured as they fought to delay the advancing of the Japanese invasion from Jan.
The said project strengthens the power transmission and enables the dispatch of the full capacity of existing and incoming generating plants, including the 600-megawatt (MW) coal-fired power plant in Limay, Bataan.
Starving and sick, Filipinos and Americans were forced to march from Mariveles in Bataan all the way to the city of Capas which is in Tarlac.
Craddock (a professional artist and International Montessori teacher, is the daughter of Ross Hofmann), "Escape from Bataan: Memoir of a U.S.
Word never made it home that he had actually survived the blast and been taken prisoner by Japan during the surrender of Bataan. "My dad had heard over the radio that I was still alive in Japan," Bergbower said.
CS2 Joshua Skinner, USS Bataan (LHD 5) Junior Sailor of the Year, from 1 January to 31 December 2012.
A special research scientist at the Bataan Polytechnic State University (BPSU) here, Calderon said that among the programs that he is going to implement include: the purchase of medicines worth P1 million to be coursed through the Bataan General Hospital; P3 million school building to be set up inside the BPSU Orani campus; P3 million farm-to-market road for Orion town; P2 million flood control project for Mariveles town; and another P2 million flood control project in Pilar town.
Bataan's Safety Department received training on nearly 30 different OSHA-mandated safety topics--including fire, confined spaces, off-duty and recreational safety and mishap investigation--to obtain the certification.
Bataan transited the Suez Canal to enter the 5th Fleet area of operations, relieving the Boxer (LHD 4) ARG on 20 June.
Paul Kerchum of Benson, Arizona, a Bataan survivor, who served with B Co, 31st Infantry Battalion, had this to say, "10,000 men died on that hot, dusty road.
Joining Bataan for this special project is the Barcelona-based Latin funk group Los Fulanos, with production duties skillfully fulfilled by Miguelito Superstar, vocalist and composer with Fundacion Tony Manero.