Bataan

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Bataan

(bătăn`, –tän`, bätä-än`), peninsula and province (1990 pop. 426,000), W Luzon, the Philippines, between Manila Bay and the South China Sea. Balanga is the provincial capital. A mountainous, thickly jungled region, it has some of the best bamboo forests in the Philippines. There is a pulp and paper mill, a large fertilizer plant, and an oil refinery. Subsistence farming is carried on. Early in World War II (Dec., 1941–Jan., 1942), the U.S.-Filipino army withdrew to Bataan, where it entrenched and, despite the lack of naval and air support, fought a gallant holding action that upset the Japanese timetable for conquest. The army was crippled by starvation and disease when it was finally overwhelmed on Apr. 9, 1942. The U.S. and Filipino troops captured there were subjected to the long, brutal, and infamous "Death March," a 66-mi (106-km) trek to the prison camp near Cabanatuan during which some 11,000 perished. Homage is annually paid these victims on Bataan Day, a national holiday, when large groups of Filipinos solemnly rewalk parts of the death route. The battleground of Bataan is now a national shrine. See also CorregidorCorregidor
, historic fortified island (c.2 sq mi/5 sq km), at the entrance to Manila Bay, just off Bataan peninsula of Luzon island, the Philippines. From the days of the Spanish, Corregidor and its tiny neighboring islets—El Fraile, Caballo, and Carabao—guarded the
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Bibliography

See S. L. Falk, Bataan: The March of Death (1962); R.Conroy, The Battle of Bataan (1969); H. Sides, Ghost Soldiers (2001); M. and E. M. Norman, Tears in the Darkness (2009).

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Bataan

Philippine peninsula where U.S. troops surrendered to Japanese (1942). [Am. Hist.: NCE, 245]
See: Defeat

Bataan

site of U.S.-Filipino army “death march” (1943). [Am. Hist.: EB, I: 867–868]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Bataan

a peninsula in the Philippines, in W Luzon: scene of the surrender of US and Philippine forces to the Japanese during World War II, later retaken by American forces
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
A state of emergency has been declared in Olongapo City and parts of nearby Bataan province.
(EOGHI) of businessman Gregorio Araneta III as "non-compliant" to a government contract because the price tender was way lower than the valuation set for the PNOC Industrial Park in Bataan province.
Manila: Filipino experts are trying to find an explanation for a rare occurrence that left some 500 dolphins stranded at a shallow portion off the coast of Bataan province west of the Philippines capital.
soldiers who surrendered to the Japanese forces were forced to trek from Bataan Province to a concentration camp in Capas in Tarlac Province.
In a remote village in Hermosa, Bataan province, boxing champion Manny Pacquiao's win over American boxer Keith Thurman was celebrated with loud cheers.
EMILIANA HALL, BALANGA CITY, Bataan-Impressed by its peaceful environment, Camp Crame's National Advisory Council (NAC) and the PNP regional office in Central Luzon cited Friday Bataan province and its local leaders.
Bustamante was forced to serve as a "comfort woman" for 14 months starting 1943 in Bataan Province, west of Manila.
Binibining Pilipinas-International Bea Patricia Magtanong, a lawyer and pageant rookie from Bataan province, said the youth should be socially aware 'to know what's going on in our country.'
BALANGA CITY, Bataan -- After being officer-in-charge for five long years, Secretary Ramon Lopez of the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) has approved finally the appointment of Nelin Cabahug as Full-pledged provincial director of DTI in Bataan province.