an Indonesian people living in northern Sumatra and numbering about 2.5 million (1967 estimate).

On the basis of linguistic and ethnographic characteristics, the Bataks can be divided into six groups: the Toba, the Karo, the Timur, the Pakpak, the Ankola, and the Mandai-ling. Their languages are Batak. The Bataks are primarily Muslim, although some of the Toba are Christian and the Karo have preserved their traditional beliefs. Strong tribal elements have survived until the present day. The Bataks are primarily farmers growing rice, corn, sweet potatoes, and other crops, although they also practice the arts of weaving, pottery-making, metalworking, building, and wood carving. Trade and commercial relations have been developing since the beginning of the 20th century, but elements of the natural farm economy have been preserved. From the very beginning of the Dutch colonization of Sumatra (in the 17th century), the Bataks have stubbornly defended their independence.


Narody Iugo-Vostochnoi Azii. Moscow, 1966.


References in periodicals archive ?
The specific problem that Pakpahan addresses is severe, at least among the Bataks of the Lake Toba area in Sumatra: an ecclesiastical split which, between 1992 and 1998, produced demonstrations resulting in four deaths and grievous moral injury felt by many Batak Christians.
Maybe Pakpahan's book will assist those Bataks still tangled in the old HKBP dispute to sort themselves out, but its titular assertion, "God Remembers," sounds utterly empty with regard to the half-million dead in 1965-66 and those still re pressing memories--either of hatred for the killers or of guilt for being a murderer.
Although many of the Bataks had come to Kepri with the dream of making their fortune, none had so far succeeded.
It is not my purpose here to discuss the reasons why Toba Bataks accepted Protestant Christianity with such enthusiasm.
He made his home among the Batak people, who after a time accepted him as one of their own and called him Apostle to the Bataks.
Borneo's wad men, head hunters' village, the ancient Bataks .
However, Islam was already making headway among the Bataks and one Batak group had already converted to this faith.
Hard Bargaining in Sumatra: Western Travelers and Toba Bataks in the Marketplace of Souvenirs.
As an anthropologist who worked with the Toba Bataks in 1994 and 1995, for instance, I was interested to see that the childrens' candlenut games described by Pospos [p.
Fusayama also has some new details about the role of Japanese deserters fighting on the Republican side, and about Pesindo Pasukan 5, a shadowy fighting organization of Bataks and Malays influenced by Soangkoepon and Nainggolan, but led by the thuggish Sihite.
39) "Verslag van eene reis in het land der Bataks, in het binnenland van Sumatra, ondernomen in het jaar 1824, door de heeren Burton en Ward, zendelingen der Baptisten.
The Sipirok area of the southern Batak highlands in Sumatra was a notably school-focused (even, school-obsessed) region by the 1920s.