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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the highest tactical subunit of a regiment or brigade. If the battalion is directly part of the composition of a larger unit, it is an administratively independent entity and is called a separate battalion. In the 14th and 15th centuries, those parts of the infantry (or cavalry) disposed for battle in the form of squares separated, by a predetermined distance were called battalions. In Russia the division of a regiment into battalions and the establishment of separate battalions took place at the beginning of the 18th century. The development of combat arms and of special forces led to the formation of tank, paratroop, combat-engineer, motorcycle, signal, motor transport, and other battalions, in addition to special-purpose battalions, such as motor vehicle repair and construction.

Modern motorized rifle (motorized infantry, infantry) or tank battalions are composed of from three to four companies and various platoons, such as infantry mortar, antitank, guided missile, signal, and reconnaissance. The numerical composition of a battalion varies; for example, in the US Army a motorized infantry battalion contains approximately 900 men, a tank battalion contains 575 men; in the English Army a motorized infantry battalion contains approximately 800 men.




(Russian word dizision). (1) The basic fire and tactical subunit of missile troops and artillery in the armies of various states. It may be part of a larger unit or it may be detached (a battalion of the general headquarters reserve). The battalion consists of from two to four batteries and control elements. For example, in the American mechanized division the 155-mm howitzer battalion includes a headquarters, a headquarters battery and a service battery, and three 155-mm howitzer batteries. It has a total of 38 officers, three warrant officers, and 594 enlisted men. It is equipped with 18 155-mm self-propelled howitzers.

(2) In the navy a tactical unit (division) consisting of one class of ships of the third and fourth ranks, usually part of a larger unit of ships.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Because the E--MIB lacks organic transportation specialists and equipment, and must rely on corps echelons to deploy, each batalion trained and certfed internal mobility teams to enhance deployment readiness across the force.
While few, if any, Jewish performers have combined midrashic commentary on the Torah with hip-hop, Batalion and Saibil's mixing of a Black aesthetic with the Jewish religion actually has a precedent that dates back to the early part of the twentieth century.
This required creating opportunities and engagements with intelligence professionals in the division by hosting professional development seminars; conducting one-on-one ofce calls with individuals to discuss goals and assess performance; and atending BCT, brigade, batalion, and company training events to meet Soldiers throughout the intelligence staffs.
Between individual training, collective events like batalion and brigade command post exercises, situational training exercise lanes, and other normal dutes, activites, and taskers a brigade encounters, it is difficult to justfy separate, independent Tier 3 and Tier 2 events for the intelligence warfighting function before a BCT field training exercise and combat training center rotation.
Direct fire artllery and/or mortars were an integral part of Soviet infantry batalions, and it was normal practice for an artllery batalion (sometmes two) to be in direct support of an infantry (motorized rife) or tank batalion.
Promotions typically happen much faster in the Russian military than in the United States military (it is not uncommon to see a 32-year-old batalion commander), and command tours have been known to last up to 6 years.
reconnaissance information from batalion to echelons above corps by
Although MG Dillard was an infantry officer during the Korean and Vietnam Wars, he was a decorated batalion S-2 in Korea and became U.S.
"Bud" Strom Award honors the most outstanding company-size military intelligence (MI) unit assigned to an expeditionary-MI brigade or theater support batalion. BG Strom was commissioned as an artillery officer in 1954 and transitioned to MI assignments after his attendance at the Gunnery School at Fort Sill, Oklahoma.
Military Academy in 1975, COL Slavin's first intelligence assignment was as an infantry batalion S-2 and infantry company commander for the 506th Infantry Batalion (Currahee), 101st Airborne Division.