Battalion

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Battalion

 

the highest tactical subunit of a regiment or brigade. If the battalion is directly part of the composition of a larger unit, it is an administratively independent entity and is called a separate battalion. In the 14th and 15th centuries, those parts of the infantry (or cavalry) disposed for battle in the form of squares separated, by a predetermined distance were called battalions. In Russia the division of a regiment into battalions and the establishment of separate battalions took place at the beginning of the 18th century. The development of combat arms and of special forces led to the formation of tank, paratroop, combat-engineer, motorcycle, signal, motor transport, and other battalions, in addition to special-purpose battalions, such as motor vehicle repair and construction.

Modern motorized rifle (motorized infantry, infantry) or tank battalions are composed of from three to four companies and various platoons, such as infantry mortar, antitank, guided missile, signal, and reconnaissance. The numerical composition of a battalion varies; for example, in the US Army a motorized infantry battalion contains approximately 900 men, a tank battalion contains 575 men; in the English Army a motorized infantry battalion contains approximately 800 men.

M. G. ZHDANOV


Battalion

 

(Russian word dizision). (1) The basic fire and tactical subunit of missile troops and artillery in the armies of various states. It may be part of a larger unit or it may be detached (a battalion of the general headquarters reserve). The battalion consists of from two to four batteries and control elements. For example, in the American mechanized division the 155-mm howitzer battalion includes a headquarters, a headquarters battery and a service battery, and three 155-mm howitzer batteries. It has a total of 38 officers, three warrant officers, and 594 enlisted men. It is equipped with 18 155-mm self-propelled howitzers.

(2) In the navy a tactical unit (division) consisting of one class of ships of the third and fourth ranks, usually part of a larger unit of ships.

References in periodicals archive ?
I later joined the 1st Batallion Royal Warwickshire Regiment.
Along with the letter, the Second Batallion 17th Field Artillery Regiment sent them an army batallion coin.
He served with the Seebees 119th Batallion during World War II in the South Pacific.
His regiment, the 1st Batallion RWF had been in Northern Ireland for five months and was due to finish its tour of duty in Ulster this week.
Safeway and Waitrose say they would keep their prices stable in the wake of a demonstration in London this week which saw a batallion of angry dairy farmers complain about rock bottom prices.
In Funeral Rites, Genet demarcated the site as l'oeil de Gabes, African Batallion slang for the anus.
The soldiers, from A company of the 1st Batallion of the Staffordshire regiment, are half-way through a six month tour of duty.
MARITAL STATUS: Married 45 years to John Brewer, 66, a retired batallion chief with the Los Angeles Fire Department.
While the wire story mentions Alvarez and Battalion 3-16, claiming that the commission's report "blamed much of the wrongdoing on Intelligence Batallion 3-16" (sic), it neglects to mention that Honduras' woes were manufactured in, and fully funded by, our own government working in cahoots with yet another wanna-be dictator.
The Pakistani troops resorted to unprovoked and indiscriminate shelling and firing when 120 Infantry Brigade, Batallion Area was on patrol, after which the Indian Army retaliated.
Harold Cabunoc, 33rd Infantry Batallion, asserted that the Lumad served as 'yumil' (yunit militar), or militia members of the New People's Army (NPA).
The 23-year-old Ruiz reportedly died of accidental electrocution during counter-insurgency training inside the headquarters of the Regional Public Safety Batallion (RPSB) 7 in Barangay Bahay, Sibonga town, some 65 kilometers south of Cebu City.