batch processing

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batch processing

a system by which the computer programs of a number of individual users are submitted to the computer as a single batch
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

batch processing

[′bach ‚präs·es·iŋ]
(computer science)
A technique that uses a single program loading to process many individual jobs, tasks, or requests for service.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

batch processing

(programming)
A system that takes a set (a "batch") of commands or jobs, executes them and returns the results, all without human intervention. This contrasts with an interactive system where the user's commands and the computer's responses are interleaved during a single run.

A batch system typically takes its commands from a disk file (or a set of punched cards or magnetic tape in the old days) and returns the results to a file (or prints them). Often there is a queue of jobs which the system processes as resources become available.

Since the advent of the personal computer, the term "batch" has come to mean automating frequently performed tasks that would otherwise be done interactively by storing those commands in a "batch file" or "script". Usually this file is read by some kind of command interpreter but batch processing is sometimes used with GUI-based applications that define script equivalents for menu selections and other mouse actions. Such a recorded sequence of GUI actions is sometimes called a "macro". This may only exist in memory and may not be saved to disk whereas a batch normally implies something stored on disk.
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)

batch processing

(1) Processing a group of files or databases from start to completion rather than having the user open, edit and save each of them one at a time. For example, a graphics conversion utility can change a selected group of images from one format to another (see DeBabelizer).

(2) Processing a group of transactions at one time. Transactions are collected and processed against the master files (master files updated) at the end of the day or some other time period. Contrast with transaction processing.

Batch and Transaction Processing
Information systems typically use both batch and transaction processing methods. For example, in an order processing system, "transaction processing" is the continuous updating of the customer and inventory files as orders are entered. At the end of the month, statements are printed (batch processed) and mailed to customers.


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References in periodicals archive ?
This paper presents two batch mode heuristics, High Mean Absolute Deviation First (HMADF) heuristic and QoS Guided Sufferage-HMADF heuristic.
Compared with the [S.sub.br] sample, the [S.sub.b7] sample was prepared after the EGDM/EtOH solution at 70[degrees]C was added to the reaction in a batch mode. The SEM photo of the [S.sub.b7] sample was shown in Fig.
The desired material thickness is selected in batch mode directly from the source data.
When the product is generated using only the batch mode, the desired product properties are utilized to formulate targets at the end of the batch, or in describing optimal trajectory criteria.
For some laboratory batch mode processes, QC position within the batch may play a role similar to that of QC scheduling over time in a continuous workflow system.
The hydrodynamic study, performed without biomass, consisted of determining the residence time distribution (RTD) in the reactor operated in continuous mode, using two flow models (axial dispersion and tank series), and determining the mixing time in the reactor operated in batch mode with circulation, using a first order model.
Typically, a warehouse collects this data in batch mode and distributes the information to a select set of users via reports and graphs.
In batch mode, users can automate the measurement process by controlling the instrument or attenuator under test via the general-purpose interface bus (GPIB).
Most checks are processed by the thousands in the bank's batch mode and signatures are not checked by anyone.
The programs available on this page include PCR Oligo Calculator, which lets researchers design batch polymerase chain reaction primers for amplifying the open reading frames for a given set of genes, and Batch Gene Retriever, which allows downloads of full-length sequence information from National Center for Biotechnology Information databases in batch mode.
The enterprise reports can be designed and run in real time or batch mode without having to build a separate, expensive and time-consuming data repository such as a data warehouse.