batch processing

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batch processing

a system by which the computer programs of a number of individual users are submitted to the computer as a single batch

batch processing

[′bach ‚präs·es·iŋ]
(computer science)
A technique that uses a single program loading to process many individual jobs, tasks, or requests for service.

batch processing

(programming)
A system that takes a set (a "batch") of commands or jobs, executes them and returns the results, all without human intervention. This contrasts with an interactive system where the user's commands and the computer's responses are interleaved during a single run.

A batch system typically takes its commands from a disk file (or a set of punched cards or magnetic tape in the old days) and returns the results to a file (or prints them). Often there is a queue of jobs which the system processes as resources become available.

Since the advent of the personal computer, the term "batch" has come to mean automating frequently performed tasks that would otherwise be done interactively by storing those commands in a "batch file" or "script". Usually this file is read by some kind of command interpreter but batch processing is sometimes used with GUI-based applications that define script equivalents for menu selections and other mouse actions. Such a recorded sequence of GUI actions is sometimes called a "macro". This may only exist in memory and may not be saved to disk whereas a batch normally implies something stored on disk.

batch processing

(1) Processing a group of files or databases from start to completion rather than having the user open, edit and save each of them one at a time. For example, a graphics conversion utility can change a selected group of images from one format to another (see DeBabelizer).

(2) Processing a group of transactions at one time. Transactions are collected and processed against the master files (master files updated) at the end of the day or some other time period. Contrast with transaction processing.

Batch and Transaction Processing
Information systems typically use both batch and transaction processing methods. For example, in an order processing system, "transaction processing" is the continuous updating of the customer and inventory files as orders are entered. At the end of the month, statements are printed (batch processed) and mailed to customers.


References in periodicals archive ?
Instead of reinforcing a company's vision of producing what the customer wants when the customer wants it, ABC costs typically encourage the traditional batch-oriented company to do faster and more of what it should not do in the first place.
Contract award: public service delegation for the operation of a batch-oriented water sports motor boulevard natural beaches of the south lot m 3.
The new, real-time Connexion interface capability was developed for fast-paced logistics operations using TMWSuite software, eliminating the need to enter loads and trucks twice with an interface for 3sixty Freight Match batch-oriented load and truck posting and search service.
However, Gates points out that Hadoop's batch-oriented processing "is not a flaw; it is a design choice.
Recommendation engines can also be applied to batch-oriented customer interactions, such as up-to-the-second personalization of direct emailings.
Kofax, a global leader of Intelligent Capture & Exchange solutions, today announced that Dexia Insurance Belgium has selected Kofax software as the foundation for a new front-office capture solution that is designed to automate the processing of insurance documents in field offices where they originate rather than in a batch-oriented, back-office environment.
Cassandra excels at high-volume real-time transaction processing, while Hadoop excels at more batch-oriented analytical solutions.
The GoldenGate solution eliminates latencies inherent in traditional, batch-oriented data extraction, transformation, and loading to a data warehouse, making real-time data instantly available for querying.
According to respondents, one of the challenges with data warehousing is that it often relies on batch-oriented ETL processes for data acquisition, which makes it virtually impossible to provide real-time reporting.
Designed to only handle batch-oriented tasks, a traditional CIS would require substantial modification, or replacement, to handle real-time, asynchronous, or event-driven business processes.
Data Integration - Business Objects provides enterprise-class data integration for batch-oriented extraction, transformation, and loading (ETL).
Although batch-oriented point-to-point integration will remain a prominent B2B integration scenario for years, users also are beginning to implement more complex integration projects involving multiple protocols, multiple data formats, multiple on-boarding approaches, higher-order integration features, BAM and hosted applications," said the report's authors.