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A distinction is made between bathing in natural bodies of water (seas, rivers, lakes, and estuaries) and artificial ones (outdoor or indoor pools). The physiological effect of bathing depends on temperature, mechanical stimuli, and chemical stimuli (in seas, salt lakes, pools of mineral water). Bathing in open bodies of water adds the stimulating effects of motion in water, pure air, inhaled aerosols, and solar radiation to the beneficial influence of the water itself.

Bathing conditions the body and also has therapeutic purposes in cases of functional disturbances of the nervous system and certain diseases of the cardiovascular system. Bathing for therapeutic purposes is usually prescribed when the temperature of the air is no lower than 22°-20°C and of the water no lower than 20°-18°C; the patients bathe 2–5 to 10–15 minutes one to three times a day. Young, healthy, and adequately trained persons may bathe even in winter (“polar bears”).

Contraindications to bathing are expressed atherosclerosis, second- or third-degree cardiovascular insufficiency, a tendency to bleeding, severe emaciation, febrile and acute inflammatory diseases, active forms of tuberculosis, certain skin diseases, and the second half of pregnancy.


References in periodicals archive ?
Some 66% of all bathing waters in Bulgaria have excellent water quality, the European bathing water quality in 2013 report states.
As it is noted "all coastal bathing waters met at least sufficient water quality in 2013" and no coastal bathing waters had to be closed during the bathing season.
The report is divided into large areas: the Mediterranean region (62% of the entire coastal bathing area in the EU), the Baltic Sea, the North Sea, the Atlantic and the Black Sea.
2005), these results were close enough for bathing conditions considered in the analogy of Turkish baths.
There are millions of regular people out there who believe in the value of hot-spring bathing and want to visit an onsen on a regular basis.
Such resident behavior comes as little surprise when one considers the bathing experience from the perspective of a resident with ADRD.
For the most part, bathing equipment can be divided into four basic groups: Showers, ShowerTrolleys, SitTubs and SupineTubs.
But after barbarians conquered Rome, Europe forgot about bathing for hundreds of years.
Although this wisdom reaches far back in time, modern Westerners have surprisingly little awareness of the wide-ranging benefits of steam and sauna bathing.
Bathing in Japan involves one bath to cleanse, followed by one to relax to achieve the skin consistency of boiled octopus.
Various new facilities were needed, particularly a new bathing hall, but above all the image of the place had to be transformed to attract new customers from the capitalist world.
Use this all-over body scrub before bathing to deep-cleanse and loosen surface impurities.