Báthory

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Báthory

(bä`tôrē), Pol. Batory, Hungarian noble family. Stephen Báthory, 1477–1534, a loyal adherent of John IJohn I
(John Zapolya) , 1487–1540, king of Hungary (1526–40), voivode [governor] of Transylvania (1511–26). He was born John Zapolya, the son of Stephen Zápolya.
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 of Hungary (John Zápolya), was made (1529) voivode [governor] of TransylvaniaTransylvania
, Rom. Transilvania or Ardeal, Hung. Erdély, Ger. Siebenbürgen, historic region and province (21,292 sq mi/55,146 sq km), central Romania.
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. His youngest son became (1575) king of Poland (see Stephen BáthoryStephen Báthory
, Pol. Stefan Batory, 1533–86, king of Poland (1575–86), prince of Transylvania (1571–75), son of Stephen Báthory (1477–1534). He was elected to succeed John II as prince of Transylvania.
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, king of Poland) and was succeeded as prince of Transylvania by his brother, Christopher Báthory, 1530–81. Christopher married Elizabeth, sister of Stephen BocskayBocskay, Stephen
, 1557–1606, Hungarian noble, voivode [governor] (1604–6) and prince (1605–6) of Transylvania. Seeking to secure the independence of Transylvania, he supported his nephew, Prince Sigismund Báthory of Transylvania, first against the
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.

His son and successor, Sigismund Báthory, 1572–1613, was mentally unbalanced. At first a loyal vassal of the Hapsburg king of Hungary (Holy Roman Emperor Rudolf IIRudolf II,
1552–1612, Holy Roman emperor (1576–1612), king of Bohemia (1575–1611) and of Hungary (1572–1608), son and successor of Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian II.
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), he crushed (1594) the pro-Turkish faction of nobles and was recognized by Rudolf as hereditary prince. In 1597, he abdicated in favor of Rudolf but returned to assume power in Aug., 1598. The following March he abdicated in favor of his cousin, Andrew Cardinal Báthory (d. 1599), but again reversed his decision and, with the help of Stephen Bocskay, returned to power as a vassal of Sultan Muhammad III. He abdicated definitively in 1602 (in favor of Rudolf) and retired to Silesia.

Elizabeth Báthory, d. 1614, a niece of Stephen Bathory, is celebrated in legend as a female werewolf. She is said to have slaughtered more than 600 virgins in order to renew her youth by bathing in their blood. She was incarcerated in 1610 and died in prison.

Gabriel Báthory, 1589–1613, a nephew of Andrew Cardinal Báthory, became prince of Transylvania in 1608. His harsh regime provoked a rebellion by the nobles, and he was murdered. By the marriage of his niece Sophia (d. 1680) to George II Rákóczy, the two families were united.

Bibliography

See biography of Elizabeth Báthory by V. Penrose (tr. 1970); B. Gould, Book of Werewolves (1865).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Les chanteuses sont Marya Freund, Stanislawa Korwin-Szymanowska et Jane Bathori. Les pianistes: Jan Smeterlin, Mieczyslaw Horszowski et Szymanowski lui-meme.
The dedications of these blues (to Vera Janacopolous and Jane Bathori) show how well connected Wiener was at the time with the most influential people in French musical life--singers of new music who were also singing-teachers." (22)
Premiered in 1907 by Jane Bathori, M, accompanied by Ravel.
Bearing witness to his personal contacts with the representatives of the top classes are the introductions to his numerous printed works, containing dedications to them (Cardinal Pietro Aldobrandini, Ferdinand de Medici, Emperor Maximilian II, Emperor Rudolf II, Wolfgang Rumf, Vojtech Furstenberg, Isabella Medici Orsina, Ottavio Spinola, Sigismund Bathori, Adam Dietrichstein, Archbishop Martin Medek, and others).
I believe that all good reading involves hearing but in this work that aspect is heightened, not only by the inclusion of numerous musical scores; poems; IPA pronunciations; pictures of tongue prints of a Parisian, an Alsatian, an Englishman pronouncing the letter l; pictures of a girl pronouncing the Parisian a sound; photographs of people gathered around, listening, to sound on primitive recording devices; cours de gramophone on speaking the French language well arriving monthly in the mail; but also by the inclusion of online performances by Claire Croiza, Jane Bathori, Charles Panzera, Mary Garden, Maggie Teyte, Reynaldo Hahn, and Sarah Bernhardt, and by the author herself.
Sources like Tailleferre's memoir and the 1931 recording of the songs with Tailleferre at the piano--accompanying Jane Bathori (1877-1970), who performed many songs by the Les Six composers--are precious artifacts that reveal much about the songs themselves and about Tailleferre's own retrospective view of her marriage.
Ecdysteroids are also able to increase muscle ATP content in vitamin D-deprived rats (Bathori, 2002).
These three confessions, together with Catholicism, were established by a 1568 Transylvanian diet and confirmed by Prince Istvan Bathori in another diet of 1572 as the four legitimate religions of the realm (there was tacit acceptance of the Romanian-speaking Orthodox minority, as well).
Elizabeth Bathori - The most prolific female murderer in history, the 'countess of blood' killed 600 virgins in Romania.
When Gomori draws a poetic portrait of Istvan Bathori, the Transylvanian king of Poland, or analyzes a Czech poem written to Gabor Bethlen, Transylvania's best ruler, our picture of these two great statesmen and commanders becomes automatically clearer, more complete.