Battalion


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Battalion

 

the highest tactical subunit of a regiment or brigade. If the battalion is directly part of the composition of a larger unit, it is an administratively independent entity and is called a separate battalion. In the 14th and 15th centuries, those parts of the infantry (or cavalry) disposed for battle in the form of squares separated, by a predetermined distance were called battalions. In Russia the division of a regiment into battalions and the establishment of separate battalions took place at the beginning of the 18th century. The development of combat arms and of special forces led to the formation of tank, paratroop, combat-engineer, motorcycle, signal, motor transport, and other battalions, in addition to special-purpose battalions, such as motor vehicle repair and construction.

Modern motorized rifle (motorized infantry, infantry) or tank battalions are composed of from three to four companies and various platoons, such as infantry mortar, antitank, guided missile, signal, and reconnaissance. The numerical composition of a battalion varies; for example, in the US Army a motorized infantry battalion contains approximately 900 men, a tank battalion contains 575 men; in the English Army a motorized infantry battalion contains approximately 800 men.

M. G. ZHDANOV


Battalion

 

(Russian word dizision). (1) The basic fire and tactical subunit of missile troops and artillery in the armies of various states. It may be part of a larger unit or it may be detached (a battalion of the general headquarters reserve). The battalion consists of from two to four batteries and control elements. For example, in the American mechanized division the 155-mm howitzer battalion includes a headquarters, a headquarters battery and a service battery, and three 155-mm howitzer batteries. It has a total of 38 officers, three warrant officers, and 594 enlisted men. It is equipped with 18 155-mm self-propelled howitzers.

(2) In the navy a tactical unit (division) consisting of one class of ships of the third and fourth ranks, usually part of a larger unit of ships.

References in periodicals archive ?
Two main objectives were used to fill the 18 positions required for the 844th Engineer Battalion team attending Exercise Imua Dawn 2015: bring as many primary staff officers and noncommissioned officers as possible; and place two future company commanders to operate the lower control, execution-level Joint Command and Control Attack Simulator.
A senior official of Indian Home Ministry told media that the ministry had moved a proposal for raising 17 India Reserve Battalions, of which five would be for Jammu and Kashmir and 12 for the states where Maoist were engaged in the struggle for freedom from India, reported.
The battalion must execute these two distinct mission sets with a high level of technical competence at the same time that it endures continuous personnel turnover.
Mr Johnson works for John Lewis, formerly Bainbridge's, in Newcastle and has documented the history of the 16th Battalion, also known as the Newcastle Commercials, in his book Newcastle Battalion of World War One after spotting the Bainbridge's war memorial.
The 113th Battalion began recruiting in November 1915 and trained at Camp Sarcee in Calgary until September 1916.
Birmingham Daily Post invites all who will be willing to join the new battalion to send in their names and address.
The battalion S1 plays an integral role in the effective manning of a brigade in today's force reduction.
e 3rd Battalion is being cut from the order of battle leaving just 2 Battalions in the Regiment.
Raised in record time in early September in 1914, the battalion named after our home town of Newcastle, went to war singing "Blaydon Races" in November 1915, its destination was the Somme front.
The FSC executive officer (XO) serves as the support operations officer (SPO) for the supported battalion and coordinates support requirements with the other company X0s.
It is the last time the unit will march before it merges with the 1st Battalion (formerly the Royal Welch Fusiliers) next year.
Soldiers from the 2nd Battalion of The Royal Welsh Regiment paraded through Penarth yesterday with drums beating, colours flying and bayonets fixed.