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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the highest tactical subunit of a regiment or brigade. If the battalion is directly part of the composition of a larger unit, it is an administratively independent entity and is called a separate battalion. In the 14th and 15th centuries, those parts of the infantry (or cavalry) disposed for battle in the form of squares separated, by a predetermined distance were called battalions. In Russia the division of a regiment into battalions and the establishment of separate battalions took place at the beginning of the 18th century. The development of combat arms and of special forces led to the formation of tank, paratroop, combat-engineer, motorcycle, signal, motor transport, and other battalions, in addition to special-purpose battalions, such as motor vehicle repair and construction.

Modern motorized rifle (motorized infantry, infantry) or tank battalions are composed of from three to four companies and various platoons, such as infantry mortar, antitank, guided missile, signal, and reconnaissance. The numerical composition of a battalion varies; for example, in the US Army a motorized infantry battalion contains approximately 900 men, a tank battalion contains 575 men; in the English Army a motorized infantry battalion contains approximately 800 men.




(Russian word dizision). (1) The basic fire and tactical subunit of missile troops and artillery in the armies of various states. It may be part of a larger unit or it may be detached (a battalion of the general headquarters reserve). The battalion consists of from two to four batteries and control elements. For example, in the American mechanized division the 155-mm howitzer battalion includes a headquarters, a headquarters battery and a service battery, and three 155-mm howitzer batteries. It has a total of 38 officers, three warrant officers, and 594 enlisted men. It is equipped with 18 155-mm self-propelled howitzers.

(2) In the navy a tactical unit (division) consisting of one class of ships of the third and fourth ranks, usually part of a larger unit of ships.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
It was initially formed by converting the (Home Service) Garrison battalions of line infantry regiments.
Identifying a vanguard group within German Police Battalions 304 and 314, Rich examine the impact of this group on the actions of the battalions as whole units.
Battalions in brigade combat teams (BCTs) consist of 250 to 750 assigned Soldiers with an assigned battalion PA, aid station personnel, and medics.
The creation of the chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) warrant officer in the Chemical Corps institutionalized this needed capability, and the recent Force Design Update (FDU) ensured that these experts will now reside in the chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and explosives response team (CRT); company; and battalion echelons of our Corps.
"Newcastle raised the greatest number of battalions of any city outside London but that achievement has been lost to history," says Neil, co-author of a book out next week titled Newcastle Battalions in Action on the Somme.
The NATO command structure contains three multinational signal battalions and a group headquarters, and the 2nd NATO Signal Battalion is the only battalion with a U.S.
A senior official of Indian Home Ministry told media that the ministry had moved a proposal for raising 17 India Reserve Battalions, of which five would be for Jammu and Kashmir and 12 for the states where Maoist were engaged in the struggle for freedom from India, reported.
e recruiting success of Liverpool's newly formed Pals Battalions was a topic of discussion for readers and inspired the call for Birmingham to take a similar approach.
e 250 men from the 3rd Battalion are being fed into the 1st or 2nd Battalions.
THE very first battalion raised in the North East of England during World War One was the Newcastle Battalion, 16th.
E and F companies normally have identical modified tables of organization and equipment and support the combined arms battalions. G company supports the field artillery battalion.