Battani, Al-

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Battani, Al-


(full name, Abu Abdallah Muhammad ibn Jabir). Born 858; died 929. Arab astronomer-observer. Native of Battan (Syria).

From 877 to 918 al-Battani carried out astronomical observations in Rakka and made new and more precise determinations of the precessional constant and angle of inclination of the ecliptic to the equator. He introduced the use of trigonometric functions—sine, tangent, and cotangent.


Iushkevich, A. P. Istoriia matematiki v srednie veka. Moscow, 1961.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.