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in criminal and tort law, the unpermitted touching of any part of the person of another, or of anything worn, carried by, or intimately associated at that moment (as a chair being sat on) with another. Contact must be intended by the aggressor, must be reasonably considered offensive, and must be without consent by the one affected. (Consent is assumed for the ordinary and customary contacts of everyday life.) Gross negligence may provide the intent necessary to constitute a battery. Actual physical injuries need not be sustained by the victim; thus a doctor who performs an operation without consent can be sued for battery, even though the patient is benefited by the operation. The term "assault and battery" refers to a crime, the unlawful touching of another as the consummation of an assaultassault,
in law, an attempt or threat, going beyond mere words, to use violence, with the intent and the apparent ability to do harm to another. If violent contact actually occurs, the offense of battery has been committed; modern criminal statutes often combine assault and
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(military), the basic artillery firing subunit. Batteries can be separate (regimental battery, coast artillery battery) or can be part of artillery battalions (regiments). The concept “battery” originally signified a large tactical unit containing a specific number of guns (for example, the French Army’s 100–gun battery at the Battle of Wagram in 1809). In Russia an organic firing unit was introduced in 1833 instead of a company. In modern armies a battery contains from two to three firing platoons, a headquarters platoon (squad), and from two to six guns (infantry mortars) or from four to six mounts. In combat all components of the battery are generally utilized. Batteries of regimental, antitank, and low caliber antiaircraft artillery can also be employed in platoons or by the piece. Subunits which undertake topographic, sound-ranging, and optical reconnaisance are also called batteries. There are also headquarters batteries, maintenance batteries, training batteries, and so on.


(chemical engineering)
A series of distillation columns or other processing equipment operated as a single unit.
A direct-current voltage source made up of one or more units that convert chemical, thermal, nuclear, or solar energy into electrical energy.
A group of guns or other weapons, such as mortars, machine guns, artillery pieces, or of searchlights, set up under one tactical commander in a certain area.


1. A combination of two or more electric cells capable of storing and supplying direct current by electrochemical means.
2. Any group of two or more similar adjacent plumbing fixtures which discharge into a common horizontal waste or soil branch.


a. two or more primary cells connected together, usually in series, to provide a source of electric current
b. short for dry battery
2. another name for accumulator
3. Criminal law unlawful beating or wounding of a person or mere touching in a hostile or offensive manner
4. Chiefly Brit
a. a large group of cages for intensive rearing of poultry
b. (as modifier): battery hens
5. Psychol a series of tests
6. Chess two men of the same colour placed so that one can unmask an attack by the other by moving
7. the percussion section in an orchestra
8. Baseball the pitcher and the catcher considered together


A storage device that converts chemical energy into electrical energy. Used by the billions each year from tiny hearing aid batteries to units that some day may be 40 feet long (see illustration below), the battery is constructed of positive and negative metal electrodes. When the two electrodes are connected together by a circuit on the outside, a chemical reaction is created inside, and electrons flow from the negative electrode through an electrolyte to the positive electrode creating a voltage difference. The electrolyte material prevents the electrons from flowing until the circuit is completed on the outside.

The First Battery
Alessandro Volta invented the first battery in 1800 to sustain an electric current. His "voltaic pile" was a stack of cells, each containing a brine-soaked cloth sandwiched between zinc and copper discs. He got the idea from Luigi Galvani, who in the late 1700s generated current from two dissimilar metals joined together by a frog's muscle. Over time, there has been progress! See batteries.

The Liquid Metal Battery
This battery technology uses molten metals and was invented for the U.S. electrical grid, but all batteries work the same. When the electrodes are connected to a load on the outside (light bulb, electronic circuit, electrical grid, etc.), electrons flow from the negative electrode to the positive electrode through the electrolyte. See liquid metal battery.
References in periodicals archive ?
North of Wagner Park is Esplanade, a concentrated traffic area of Battery Park City.
With its pastiche of architectural styles and its misplaced nostalgia, one might identify Battery Park city as something postmodern.
Available space at One Battery Park Plaza includes a 9,500 s/f pre-built unit on the 2nd floor and a 6,066 square-foot unit on the 9th floor.
Restaurant titan Danny Meyer's latest upscale creation, North End Grill, will open in Battery Park City at the end of the year, his Union Square Hospitality Group said today.
His 21-year tenure at Forest City Ratner spanned a variety of occupancies exemplified by such marquee projects as; the open air style retail project Ridge Hill Village, Yonkers NY; The New York Times Building; The Battery Park City Embassy Hotel; and the New York Mercantile Exchange, Battery Park City, NY.
Carey Battery Park City Authority (the Authority ) intends to procure the services of a contractor to furnish and install closed-circuit television ("CCTV") in various locations throughout Battery Park City, pursuant to its discretionary purchasing authority under State Finance Law 163(6).
Adrienne Albert of the Marketing Directors and Liberty Luxe (left), Liberty GreenTwo new Battery Park Ctiy condominiums, Liberty Luxe and Liberty Green, opened their sales offices yesterday, according to Curbed.
Nine years after proposing that the city buy back Battery Park City, veteran city planners Charles Urstadt and Avrum Hyman have renewed their campaign for the deal.
Battery Park City condominium owners and buyers may soon find it easier to obtain government financing for their purchases in the area.
General contractor Stalco Construction, construction manager The LiRo Group, H3 Hardy Collaboration Architecture, and Battery Park City Authority received the ENR New York Best of 2014 Award in the Restoration/ Renovation Category for the restoration and renovation of the landmark Pier A in Manhattan's Battery Park.
BPCA is a public benefit corporation created in 1968 under the laws of the State of New York for the purpose of financing, developing, constructing, maintaining, and operating a planned community development of the Battery Park City site as a mixed commercial and residential community.
Stringer called for the projected surpluses from the Battery Park City Authority (BPCA) to be directed specifically toward critically needed repairs at New York City Housing Authority properties.

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