electric car

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electric car

[i′lek·trik ′kär]
(mechanical engineering)
An automotive vehicle that is propelled by one or more electric motors powered by a special rechargeable electric battery rather than by an internal combustion engine.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

electric vehicle

(Electric Vehicle) An automobile that is powered entirely or partially by electricity. Although prototype electric vehicles (EVs) were invented in the 1800s and various models were built in the 1900s, the EV industry only began in earnest after the turn of the century.

The advantage of an EV is fuel economy. All-electric models can reach the equivalent of around 100 MPG. However, they all have a distance limit, from approximately 80 to 300 miles. When the battery runs out, they have to be charged, which is a problem when away from home. As of 2020, there are approximately 20,000 charging stations across the U.S.; however, to meet expected growth by 2025, there is an estimated need for nearly 200,000 more.

Hybrid-electric vehicles (HEVs) have no distance limit but are less economical with fuel; generally no more than 50 MPG. In 2010, GM introduced the plug-in HEV (PHEV) Chevrolet Volt, which lasted until 2019. The Volt is a gas-powered car that runs on battery for short distances, allowing commuters to enjoy great economy when plugged into their home's electrical panel overnight. The Volt can last up to 50 miles on its electric charge, at which time the internal combustion engine takes over.

A regular hybrid-electric vehicle such as the Toyota Prius is refilled only with gas, and the vehicle charges the battery. Introduced in 1997, the Prius technology switches automatically between the electric motors and gas engine. Toyota came out with a plug-in hybrid in 2012.

In 2009, the Tesla Roadster was the first all-electric with a respectable 200 mile range. Rather than retrofitting an electric drive train into an existing chassis, the Tesla was engineered from the ground up as an EV. In 2014, Tesla had sufficient charging stations in the U.S. to enable owners to drive from Los Angeles to New York entirely free, because Tesla has thus far not collected a fee for the service. See electric aviation.

First EV Car for the Masses
General Motors built and leased more than a thousand EV1 electric cars from 1996 to 1999 to meet California's environmental deadline. However, the EV program gave way to low-emission gas and hybrid gas-electric cars. This car is in the Smithsonian Institute, Washington, D.C.

The Tesla Roadster
Featuring zero emissions and great handling, the Tesla can go more than 200 miles on a single charge. With a top speed of 125 MPH, it can reach 60 in less than four seconds. (Image courtesy of Tesla Motors, www.teslamotors.com)

Hybrid Diesel Electric
Hybrid electric buses have been operating in New York since 1998. Using low-sulfur diesel fuel and smaller diesel engines, these vehicles produce a fraction of the emissions of a standard diesel bus.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Ford's electrification strategy is unique because it is leveraging our global platform strategy to offer a wide range of choice--different types of electrification (full HEVs, plug-in HEVs, and battery electric vehicles) available in different body styles--to allow our customers to select the option that best suits their needs.
The compact battery electric vehicle (BEV) and hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) models have lower TCOs than the small gasoline model, while the plug-in hybrid, mid-size HEV, diesel and CNG all have lower TCO than the mid-sized gasoline sedan.
[ClickPress, Fri Apr 26 2019] The global battery electric vehicle market is expected to an impressive growth attributed to surge in demand in the transportation industry.
[USPRwire, Fri Apr 12 2019] Fact.MR has actively published a new research study titled "Global Battery Electric Vehicle Market to Garner Brimming Revenues by 2017 to 2022 | Key Players - General Motors, Honda Motor Company, Nissan Motor Corporation, etc." to its broad online database.
[ClickPress, Thu Oct 11 2018] Surge in demand for vehicles with eco-friendly features in the transportation industry has led to an upsurge in demand for battery electric vehicle globally.
The flexible underpinnings will support a wide range of engines, including a pure battery electric vehicle and a Twin Engine plug-in hybrid.
Liu says that Teco is also developing the pull-type motors for battery electric vehicle (BEV) developed by Taiwanese automaker Yulon Motor Co., who will soon unveil such product in partnerships with Chinese companies.
30, 2010 (CENS) -- A battery electric vehicle (BEV) running 20,000 kilometers per year can cut 4.5 tons of CO2 emission, or equal to planting 1,200 trees over a hectare, according to J.Y.
[USPRwire, Wed Nov 21 2018] Overtaking digitalization and connectivity, the battery electric vehicle continue to witness significant demand in the automotive industry as compared to the conventional vehicles.

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