Battle of Britain

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Battle of Britain

Battle of Britain, in World War II, series of air battles between Great Britain and Germany, fought over Britain from Aug. to Oct., 1940. As a prelude to a planned invasion of England, the German Luftwaffe attacked British coastal defenses, radar stations, and shipping. On Aug. 24 the attack was shifted inland to Royal Air Force installations and aircraft factories in an effort to gain control of the air over S England. Failing to destroy the RAF, the Germans began (Sept. 7) the night bombing, or blitz, of London. Heavy night bombings of English cities continued into October, when the attack was shifted back to coastal installations. The Germans gradually gave up hope of invading England, and the battle tapered off by the end of October. Though heavily outnumbered, the RAF put up a gallant defense; radar, used for the first time in battle by Britain, played an important role. The Germans lost some 2,300 aircraft; the RAF 900. The Battle of Britain was the first major failure of the Germans in World War II, and it thwarted Hitler's plan to force Britain to accept peace or face invasion.


See D. Wood and D. Dempster, The Narrow Margin (1961, repr. 1967); A. McKee, Strike from the Sky (1960, repr. 1971); R. Collier, Eagle Day (1966); T. Taylor, The Breaking Wave (1967); P. Townsend, Duel of Eagles (1970); R. Overy, The Battle of Britain (2001); M. Korda, With Wings like Eagles (2009).

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References in periodicals archive ?
John was very modest and self-effacing, the epitome of what The Few stood for DAVID BROCKLEHURST of battle of britain museum
As well as fighting in the Battle of Britain, John served as a Flight Instructor, before being deployed to Burma and Italy in the later years of the war, where he commanded 67 Squadron and 112 Squadron respectively.
He had earlier written to wish Flight Lieutenant McInnes a happy birthday, noting that he was the "last of the six remaining Battle of Britain 'Few' to become a centenarian".
Those who fought in the three-and-a-halfmonth Battle of Britain came to be known as The Few after a speech by prime minister Winston Churchill, who said of their sacrifices in battle: "Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few."
Knights of the Battle of Britain is a collection of brief (one-two page) mini-biographies listing the 121 Luftwaffe members who received the Knight's Cross by the end of 1940.
It then played a key role in the Battle of Britain claiming a heavy toll on the Luftwaffe while operating from Biggin Hill airfield close to central London and Hawkinge in Kent.
In 2016, he attended a tea in Clarence House hosted by the Prince of Wales, patron of the Battle of Britain Fighter Association.
Only seven Battle of Britain veterans - Churchill's gallant "Few" - are still alive today.
Battle of Britain Day coincides with Remember a Charity week, a campaign to raise awareness of the impact a gift in a will can make to charities.
As Air Chief Marshall, Hugh Dowding was responsible for anticipating and preparing for what BECAMETHE Battle of Britain during the Second World War.
The Battle of Britain meeting is arranged by Darlington & District Motor Club, which organises the car racing side, while Auto 66 runs the bike side as part of its championship.