Battle of Lepanto


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Lepanto, battle of

(lĭpăn`tō), Oct. 7, 1571, naval battle between the Christians and Ottomans fought in the strait between the gulfs of Pátrai and Corinth, off Lepanto (Návpaktos), Greece. The fleet of the Holy League commanded by John of AustriaJohn of Austria,
1545–78, Spanish admiral and general; illegitimate son of Holy Roman Emperor Charles V. He was acknowledged in his father's will and was recognized by his half-brother, Philip II of Spain. In 1569 he fought against the Morisco rebels in Granada.
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 (d. 1578) opposed the Ottoman fleet under Uluç Ali Pasha. The allied fleet (about 200 galleys, not counting smaller ships) consisted mainly of Spanish, Venetian, and papal ships and of vessels sent by a number of Italian states. It carried approximately 30,000 fighting men and was about evenly matched with the Ottoman fleet. The battle ended with the virtual destruction of the Ottoman navy (except 40 galleys, with which Uluç Ali escaped). Approximately 15,000 Turks were slain or captured, some 10,000 Christian galley slaves were liberated, and much booty was taken. The victors, however, lost over 7,000 men. Among the allied wounded was Cervantes, who lost the use of his left arm. Lepanto was the first major Ottoman defeat by the Christian powers, and it ended the myth of Ottoman naval invincibility. It did not, however, affect Ottoman supremacy on the land, and a new Turkish fleet was speedily built by Sokollu, grand vizier of Selim II. Nevertheless, the battle was decisive in the sense that an Ottoman victory probably would have made the Ottoman Empire supreme in the Mediterranean.

Bibliography

See R. Crowley, Empires of the Sea (2008).

References in periodicals archive ?
To the degree that La Numancia is an artistic representation of a kind of national auto de fe, but also an anxious critique of the apotheosis of Spanish Imperialism in the wake of the Alpujarras Rebellion (1568-71), the Battle of Lepanto (1571), and the annexation of Portugal (1580), then Cervantes's devil plays a fundamentally ambivalent role: on the one hand, subversive with respect to religious orthodoxy and militant nationalism; on the other hand, suggestive of humanism's efforts to reform and moderate the same.
2) Thus the Battle of Lepanto represented a tactical, not a strategic, victory for the Christian forces.
Second, the author manages to place the Battle of Lepanto in a historical context, discussing not only the battle itself but also the factors that led to the battle and the events in its aftermath.
182), exemplified in the cartographical representation of, for example, the Battle of Lepanto against the Turks (1571) or the island of Malta defended by the Order of the Knights of St.
The story of Guy Fawkes's plot to blow up Parliament in London in 1605 is accepted without demur (463-64); the papal schism initiated by Hippolytus is extended to 1439 (117, presumably the year 239 or thereabouts is intended); Vatican I is dated to 1879 instead of 1870 (651, though the correct date is given on 659); Cardinal Richelieu is wrongly described as a Capuchin friar (474); some 150 bishops and monks, rather than "fifty bishops," attended the Cyrilline council at Ephesus in 431 (126); crusades continued to be called long after 1459 (264)--witness the battle of Lepanto in 1571.
Wheatcroft begins with the Battle of Lepanto off the coast of southern Greece in 1571.
Nor did the infamous battle of Lepanto in 1571 at once end an era of Ottoman naval dominance and launch a new one of piratic activity.
The following year, the Turks are crushed by the Holy League in the Battle of Lepanto.
Wheatcroft provides some splendid set pieces, notably his account of the Battle of Lepanto in 1571 with which his book opens, but on the whole he writes in a more discursive way than Fletcher, and gives sixty pages of detailed endnotes which enable the interested reader to follow through his arguments in more detail.
It was very interesting and informative reading the article on the Christian victory over the Ottoman Turks in October 1571 at the Battle of Lepanto ("Armada of the Cross," March 10th issue).
Venice has suffered much at the hands of her erstwhile friends; that she should be casually written off the map, after having povided the lion's share of forces to the Spanish-led fleet at the battle of Lepanto, is an act of unconscionable ingratitude.
In a sightless medium, Howard Barker and Tom Stoppard focus on artists and pictures, requiring us to see with the mind's eye Galactia's painting of the Battle of Lepanto or the picture that took Sophie's fancy in Artist Descending a Staircase.