Battle of Verdun

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Verdun, battle of,

the longest and one of the bloodiest engagements of World War IWorld War I,
1914–18, also known as the Great War, conflict, chiefly in Europe, among most of the great Western powers. It was the largest war the world had yet seen.
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. Two million men were engaged. It began on Feb. 21, 1916, when the Germans, commanded by Crown Prince Frederick William, launched a massive offensive against Verdun, an awkward salient in the French line. The outlying forts of Douaumont and Hardaumont soon fell, but the French rallied under General PétainPétain, Henri Philippe
, 1856–1951, French army officer, head of state of the Vichy government (see under Vichy). In World War I he halted the Germans at Verdun (1916), thus becoming the most beloved French military hero of that conflict.
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 (with the cry "They shall not pass") and resistance stiffened. A British offensive on the Somme relieved the pressure on Verdun in July, 1916, and by December the French had recovered most of the ground lost. The intention of the Germans had been a battle of attrition in which they hoped to bleed the French army white. In the end, they sustained almost as many casualties as the French; an estimated 328,000 to the French 348,000.


See studies by A. Horne (1962), W. Hermanns (1972), and I. Ousby (2002).

References in periodicals archive ?
The Battle of Verdun nearly rang the death knell for the French Army.
At the same time as a French soldier gives the reader a glimpse into the murderous battle of Verdun at the Western Front, Englund's diverse cast of characters enables him to take the reader to the less famous theaters of the war, such as in modern-day Iraq and East Africa.
Many died in the trenches at the Battle of Verdun in 1916.
She revealed that her great-grandfather was awarded in recognition of his bravery during the Battle of Verdun.
I tried to get a drink in the Arkle, but all I managed was to be reminded of the Battle of Verdun and Marshal Petain's "ils ne passeront pas".
ONE of the largest Son et Lumiere events to be staged in France will pay special homage this summer to the Battle of Verdun.
Along with the Somme, the year also saw the battle of Verdun, the longest single battle of the war.
Foley writes intelligently about the Battle of Verdun itself, but only after devoting two-thirds of his work to the background of the epic struggle.
20 World War I Battle of Verdun begins in 1916; in 1962, John Glenn becomes first American to orbit the Earth.
He explored these themes on a metaphysical plane in his narrative Der Opfergang (1919; Way of Sacrifice), which was written in 1916 while he was on active duty in the Battle of Verdun.
The "Battlefield 1" DLC expansion will mainly focus on the Battle of Verdun which took place in the north-eastern part of France between the French and German armies.