Homestead strike

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Homestead strike,

in U.S. history, a bitterly fought labor dispute. On June 29, 1892, workers belonging to the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers struck the Carnegie Steel Company at Homestead, Pa. to protest a proposed wage cut. Henry C. FrickFrick, Henry Clay,
1849–1919, American industrialist, b. Westmoreland co., Pa. He worked on his father's farm, was a store clerk, and did bookkeeping before he and several associates organized (1871) Frick & Company to operate coke ovens in the Connellsville coal
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, the company's general manager, determined to break the union. He hired 300 Pinkerton detectives to protect the plant and strikebreakers. After an armed battle between the workers and the detectives on July 6, in which several men were killed or wounded, the governor called out the state militia. The plant opened, nonunion workers stayed on the job, and the strike, which was officially called off on Nov. 20, was broken. The Homestead strike led to a serious weakening of unionism in the steel industry until the 1930s.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Homestead Strike

 

a strike of workers at the steelworks in Homestead, Pa., from June to November 1892, one of the sharpest class conflicts in the history of the US workers’ movement of the late 19th and early 20th century. The immediate cause of the strike was the lockout announced on June 30 in answer to the workers’ protests against the company’s demands for lower wages. Approximately 8,000 people took part in the strike. On July 12 troops were brought into the city, but the workers continued the struggle until November 20. A major reason for the defeat of the strike was the refusal of the leaders of the American Federation of Labor to organize a movement of solidarity with the strikers.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In a chapter on the epic battle of Homestead in 1892, he suggests that professional observers such as reporters, novelists, and social critics presented a conflicted portrayal of Homestead's workers.