Tutsi

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Tutsi

(to͞ot`sē, to͞o`–) or

Watutsi

(wä–), cattle-raising people of central Africa, particularly in BurundiBurundi
, officially Republic of Burundi, republic (2015 est. pop. 10,199,000), 10,747 sq mi (27,834 sq km), E central Africa. It borders on Rwanda in the north, on Tanzania in the east, on Lake Tanganyika in the southwest, and on Congo (Kinshasa) in the west.
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 and RwandaRwanda
, officially Republic of Rwanda, republic (2015 est. pop. 11,630,000), 10,169 sq mi (26,338 sq km), E central Africa. It borders on Congo (Kinshasa) in the west, on Uganda in the north, on Tanzania in the east, and on Burundi in the south.
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; they are also known as Watusi or Batusi. The original Tutsi homeland was probably in Ethiopia, and c.400 years ago they migrated south to around Lake Kivu. Here they established the native kingdoms of Rwanda and Burundi, ruled by a mwami (king). An aristocratic people, the Tutsi long held the peasant Bahutu, or Hutu, in feudal subjugation. In the 1970s, 80s, and 90s, despite much integration of Tutsi and Hutu culture, many members of both tribes died in bloody fighting in Burundi, Rwanda, and Congo. The Tutsi are spectacularly tall, often 7 ft (2.1 m) in height.
References in periodicals archive ?
For Father Delmas, the Hamites of Rwanda themselves divide into four categories: the true nobles descending from sky; the hybrids of the indigenous Bahutu rulers and the Hamites; the nobles of unknown clans; the Batutsi of foreign origin.
Abundant caricatures and stereotypes in the missionary literature and historiography in the region resulted from imagery based on the misconception promoted by the early explorers through their binary opposition between Bahutu and Batutsi. Physical anthropology was called on to justify the theories of 'difference.' In 1902, Father L.
Still the results were taken as distinctive features to differentiate the Bahutu from Batutsi and Batwa.
The concepts of Bahutu, Batutsi and Batwa have been central to the study of ethnic identity in Rwanda.
Canon de Lacger and many others have shown that at the eve of colonization, the terms Bahutu, Batutsi and Batwa implied social classes; that neither 'ethnicity' nor 'race', 'caste' or 'Hamite' were known among the Banyarwanda people.
A Muhutu who had abundance of cattle and other resources would marry a girl of the rich Batutsi family and become one of them.
They were owners of cattle who still had representatives of Batutsi background in the current populations and were invincible warriors.
With the Batutsi Christians the missionaries hope to achieve the creation and formation of a social elite that is pro-European.
The necessity of having schools exclusively reserved for the sons of the Batutsi was explained in various letters addressed by the missionaries to their superiors.
From 1905 onwards the missionaries created several schools in various stations for the sons of 'Batutsi chiefs'.
We will take advantage of those circumstances to create a school for the Batutsi at Kabgayi.
The old guard chiefs were dismissed and young literate missionary educated men (Batutsi) were appointed.