Baxter, Richard

Baxter, Richard,

1615–91, English nonconformist clergyman. Ordained in 1638, he began his ministry at Kidderminster in 1641. He sided with Parliament when the civil war broke out and served (1645–47) as a chaplain in Cromwell's army, where he urged moderation in both religious and political opinions. At the Restoration, Baxter was chosen by Charles II as one of the royal chaplains. He took a leading part at the Savoy Conference (1661), where he tried to provide means that would permit moderate dissenters to stay in the Church of England. He declined an offer of the bishopric of Hereford, and with the passage of the Act of Uniformity (1662) he left the Church of England. Despite the persecution of nonconformist ministers, Baxter continued to preach; his followers were known as Baxterians. After a trial conducted with great brutality by Judge Jeffreys, he was imprisoned for 18 months on the charge of having libeled the Church of England in his Paraphrase of the New Testament (1685). Among Baxter's voluminous works are The Saints' Everlasting Rest (1650), Gildas Salvianus, the Reformed Pastor (1656), and A Call to the Unconverted (1657). His autobiographical Reliquae Baxterianae (1696) was edited (1925) by J. M. L. Thomas.

Bibliography

See N. H. Keeble, Richard Baxter: Puritan Man of Letters (1982).

Baxter, Richard

 

Born Nov. 12,1615;diedDec.8,1692. English Puritan preacher and theologian. In the English bourgeois revolution of the 17th century, he sided with Parliament and was chaplain of one of the independent regiments. In his development of the doctrine of Calvinism, Baxter laid the basis for one of its particular variants—so-called Baxterianism—which is characterized by a less strict treatment of the dogma of predestination.

REFERENCE

Richard Baxter and Puritan Politics. . . . Edited by R. Schlatter. New Brunswick, N. J. [1957].
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EXETER: Hill (rep Greenaway, 45 mins); Wall, Meinung, Vaega, Ridley (Trethewey, 61); Howard, Sanders (John, 58); Porte (Mooney, 58), Clarke (Powell, 69), Sluman, Harris (Brooking, 69), Rob Baxter, Richard Baxter, Willis, Beattie (Hanson, 64).
Exeter: Hill (Greenaway 45); Wall, Meinung, Vaega, Ridley (Trethewey 61); Howard, Sanders (John 58); Porte (Mooney 58), Clarke (Powell 69), Sluman, Harris (Brooking 69), Rob Baxter, Richard Baxter, Beattie (Hanson 64), Willis.
Front row: Richard Wimpenny, Richard Shaw, Lee Baxter, Richard Holt and Nicholas Pyrah (Examiner ref: 3099/20A/91)
Exeter: Townsend; Woodman, Meinung, Salt, Holman; Howard, John; Mooney, Brooking, Sluman, Perry (Brown 75), Rob Baxter, Richard Baxter, Beattie, Willis (Foote 71).