Bay Psalm Book


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Bay Psalm Book,

common hymnal of the Massachusetts Bay colony. Written by Richard MatherMather, Richard,
1596–1669, British Puritan clergyman in North America, b. Lancashire, England. He studied at Oxford, began preaching, and was ordained in 1620. His Puritan beliefs led him into difficulties, and he fled to Massachusetts (1635), where he was pastor of
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, John EliotEliot, John,
1604–90, English missionary in colonial Massachusetts, called the Apostle to the Indians. Educated at Cambridge, he was influenced by Thomas Hooker, became a staunch Puritan, and emigrated from England.
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, and Thomas Weld, it was published in 1640 at Cambridge as The Whole Book of Psalms Faithfully Translated into English Metre. The announced effort of the authors to make a literal rendering at the expense of elegance is successful if the crudity of the verse be a criterion. This was the first book published in the Thirteen Colonies.

Bibliography

See Z. Haraszti, The Enigma of the Bay Psalm Book (1956).

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References in periodicals archive ?
The first known example in what is now the United States was a simple printed label created by Stephen Daye, the Massachusetts Bay Colony printer of the 1642 "Bay Psalm Book."
The Bay Psalm Book, the first book to be printed in America, has sold at a Sotheby's auction in New York for $14.2 million.
The battered Bay Psalm Book is just 6in by 5in, riddled with printing errors and poorly bound.
Called the Bay Psalm Book, it was printed on a press shipped from London and distributed among the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
The translation of Biblical psalms "The Bay Psalm Book" was printed by Puritan settlers in Cambridge, Massachusetts in 1640 and sold at a one-lot auction in just minutes by Sotheby's.
27 ( ANI ): The Bay Psalm Book, which is supposedly the first published book of the 1640s in the US, has set an auction record by fetching 14.2 million dollars at Sotheby's.
Only 11 copies of the Bay Psalm Book survive in varying degrees of completeness.
The wide range of sources are indicated by just a few examples of entries: there is a facsimile of Psalm 100 from the Bay Psalm Book, with the tune "Old Hundredth", along with various translations of this psalm from later editions of the Psalm Book.
Offering a broad survey of American music history from the Bay Psalm Book to the compositions of Michael Daugherty, McLucas rehearses several well-known case studies, sometimes in a very cursory manner, of composers who drew upon oral/aural musical practices in their work.
Individual essay topics include studies of the Bay Psalm book, Juan de Avila's Audi, filia, William Byrd's English Psalms, and Sahagun's Psalmodia christiana.
The mutually rivalrous versions of George Wither and Henry Dod, as well as those of George Sandys and Henry King, and the New England Bay Psalm Book, are presented; and concluding mention is made of the Tate and Brady New Version of 1696.Hamlin's next two chapters offer a broader context for English metrical psalmody.
Chapter 2 examines a selection of these, ranging from the plain style of George Wither, whose bid to supplant "Sternhold and Hopkins" ran afoul of the Stationers' monopoly, and the even more prosaic Bay Psalm Book (1640), whose principal concern was word-for-word faithfulness to the Hebrew text, to the more literary work of George Sandys, who wrote for private devotion rather than congregational singing and for whom Henry Lawes provided tunes of appropriate sophistication.