Bayazid Ansari

Bayazid Ansari

 

Born 1525 or 1515, in the city of Jalan-dhar, Punjab; died 1585. Afghan writer. Founder of the sect and leader of the antifeudal and anti-Mogul movement of the Roshani in Afghanistan.

Bayazid was born into the family of an ecclesiastic. Among his followers he was known as Pir Roshan (Serene Elder). Bayazid Ansari and his followers opposed the domination of the Great Moguls, and they were also against the seizure of communal lands by the leaders of the Afghan tribes. Bayazid set forth his doctrines in a work entitled The Most Blessed Tidings, written in rhymed prose in the Pashto language; there are verse inserts in Arabic, in the language of the Farsi, and in Urdu. Bayazid Ansari was influential in the development of Afghan literature.

WORKS

Qair-al-bayan, tasnife Bayazid Ansari. Peshawar, 1967.

REFERENCES

Aslanov, M. G. “Narodnoe dvizhenie roshani i ego otrazhenie ν afganskoi literature 16–17 vv.” Sovetskoe vostokovedenie, 1955, no. 5.
Khadim, Qiyam al-Din. Bayazid Roshan. Kabul [1953].
Rishtin, S. “Dy mian Roshan ’Khalnama.’ ” Kabul, 1964, no. 2, Apr.-May.

M. G. ASLANOV

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
He went through all Pashto classics like Bayazid Ansari, Khushal Khan Khattak, Rahman Baba, Ali Khan and Abdul Hameed Baba and read Persian and Urdu poetry.
That story of Pashtun resistance against the Mughal Empire begins with the revolt of Bayazid Ansari who is popularly known as Pir-e-Roshan (Apostle of Light).
(3) In the mid-sixteenth century, in the mountainous regions of the present-day Afghanistan-Pakistan borderlands, Bayazid Ansari called the people of Kaniguram to a rigorous reexamination of their commitment to the oneness of God.
(7) Those who entered Bayazid's community abandoned their old markers of social belonging and became, simply, people of light--the Roshaniyya--and disciples to the messianic figure of Bayazid Ansari. (8)
Bayazid's teachings represented a "desperate millenarianism" (13) that converged well with an "Afghan addiction to lawlessness." (14) The religious nature of Bayazid Ansari's movement was an epiphenomenon attesting to--if anything--the more significant and historical developments in tribal migration.
Mughal King Akbar faced a religious rebellion in Hindukush region when Roshaniya Movement was instituted by one Bayazid Ansari, an immigrant from Medina in 1542-3 AD.
Right from the Roshanite Movement of Bayazid Ansari in the 16th century till the continuation of the Khudai Khidmatgaar Movement of Bacha Khan till the present times, the PTM might have extracted wisdom from both resistance and parliamentary struggle of the Pashtuns for politico-economic empowerment.
The first movement was launched by Bayazid Ansari or Pir Roshan (The saint of light), as is popularly known in Pashto literature, from South Waziristan.
The dogma called Wahdatul Wajud (Pantheism) was owned by the Roshnites, led by Bayazid Ansari, but like other parts of India, it was opposed by the Pashtun Ulema as well.
The founder of the Roshnite Movement was Sirajuddin (Shinwari,2007:1) , alias Bayazid Ansari, popularly known as Pir Roshan or Pir Rokhan according to varying dialects in Pashto language , also dubbed by opponents as Pir Tareek (the darkened saint).
The founder of the Roshnite Movement, Bayazid Ansari, intrinsically had intense "fire" burning in his mind.
Most people said it was the tomb of Pir Tareek (Bayazid Ansari) so called by his adversaries while others weaved their own versions of myths regarding the domed structure.