Bayazid Ansari

Bayazid Ansari


Born 1525 or 1515, in the city of Jalan-dhar, Punjab; died 1585. Afghan writer. Founder of the sect and leader of the antifeudal and anti-Mogul movement of the Roshani in Afghanistan.

Bayazid was born into the family of an ecclesiastic. Among his followers he was known as Pir Roshan (Serene Elder). Bayazid Ansari and his followers opposed the domination of the Great Moguls, and they were also against the seizure of communal lands by the leaders of the Afghan tribes. Bayazid set forth his doctrines in a work entitled The Most Blessed Tidings, written in rhymed prose in the Pashto language; there are verse inserts in Arabic, in the language of the Farsi, and in Urdu. Bayazid Ansari was influential in the development of Afghan literature.


Qair-al-bayan, tasnife Bayazid Ansari. Peshawar, 1967.


Aslanov, M. G. “Narodnoe dvizhenie roshani i ego otrazhenie ν afganskoi literature 16–17 vv.” Sovetskoe vostokovedenie, 1955, no. 5.
Khadim, Qiyam al-Din. Bayazid Roshan. Kabul [1953].
Rishtin, S. “Dy mian Roshan ’Khalnama.’ ” Kabul, 1964, no. 2, Apr.-May.


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The first movement was launched by Bayazid Ansari or Pir Roshan (The saint of light), as is popularly known in Pashto literature, from South Waziristan.
The dogma called Wahdatul Wajud (Pantheism) was owned by the Roshnites, led by Bayazid Ansari, but like other parts of India, it was opposed by the Pashtun Ulema as well.
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The founder of the Roshnite Movement, Bayazid Ansari, intrinsically had intense "fire" burning in his mind.