Baybars I


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Baybars I

(bī`bärs), 1223–77, Mamluk sultan (1260–77) of Egypt and Syria. Once a Turkish slave, Baybars became a commander of the Ayyubid and then MamlukMamluk
or Mameluke
[Arab.,=slaves], a warrior caste dominant in Egypt and influential in the Middle East for over 700 years. Islamic rulers created this warrior caste by collecting non-Muslim slave boys and training them as cavalry soldiers especially loyal to their
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 armies. In 1260 he led Mamluk troops to victory against the MongolsMongols
, Asian people, numbering about 6 million and distributed mainly in the Republic of Mongolia, the Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region of China, and Kalmykia and the Buryat Republic of Russia.
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 at the Battle of Ayn Jalut. When reporting to the sultan, Baybars killed him with a sword and became the fourth Mamluk sultan. His reign was marked by continuous military campaigns against Persian Mongols and Christian crusaders. He died in Damascus by mistakenly drinking poison.
References in periodicals archive ?
Sadeque, Baybars I of Egypt (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1956), 13-14.
With more than 32 years of service to Carnegie Mellon and our university community, Baybars is one of the longest-serving and most valued academic leaders of the institution.
4) During the public ceremony, Baybars is clearly the central figure, while al-Mustansir - the ostensible grantor of the rank of sultan - is but a mute participant playing a secondary role.