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Related to Bayes theorem: conditional probability
Bayes’ theorema theorem stating the probability of an event occurring if another event has occurred. Bayesian statistics is concerned with the revision of opinion in the light of new information, i.e. hypotheses are set up, tested, and revised in the light of the data collected. On each successive occasion there emerges a different probability of the hypothesis being correct – ‘prior opinions are changed by data, through the operation of Bayes’ theorem, to yield posterior opinions’ (Phillips, 1973).
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000