Bayh, Birch Evans, Jr.

Bayh, Birch Evans, Jr.

(bī), 1928–2019, U.S. politician, b. Terre Haute, Ind., grad. Indiana Univ. law school (1960). A Democrat, Bayh served (1954–62) in the Indiana legislature, then (1963–81) in the U.S. Senate; he failed to win reelection in 1980. He coauthored Title IXTitle IX,
clause of the Educational Amendments of 1972 that reads: "No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving Federal
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, which guarantees women equal access to education in institutions receiving federal funds, and cosponsored the Bayh-Dole Act (1980), which allowed academic researchers funded by the government to profit from their discoveries and helped to create the biotechnology industry. He was the architect of the 25th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which clarifed the line of presidential succession, and of the 26th, which lowered the voting age to 18. Bayh also was a sponsor of a failed amendment to abolish the electoral collegeelectoral college,
in U.S. government, the body of electors that chooses the president and vice president. The Constitution, in Article 2, Section 1, provides: "Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors, equal to the
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 and the unsuccessful Equal Rights Amendment. After leaving the Senate, Bayh practised law in Washington, D.C. Evan Bayh, 1955–, his son, was governor of Indiana (1989–97) and U.S. senator (1999–2011).

Bibliography

See R. Blaemire, Birch Bayh: Making a Difference (2019).

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