Bayonne


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Bayonne

(bäyôn`), town (1990 pop. 41,846), Pyrénées-Atlantiques dept., SW France, in Gascony, on the Adour River near its entrance into the Bay of Biscay. Despite a shifting sandbar at the mouth of the Adour, it is a seaport, exporting sulfur, oil, and natural gas. The town also has metallurgical, chemical, aeronautical, tuna fishing, leather, and wood industries. French and Spanish, as well as Basque, are spoken there. At Bayonne, Napoleon I forced Charles IV and Ferdinand VII of Spain to abdicate (1808). At the end of the Peninsular WarPeninsular War,
1808–14, fought by France against Great Britain, Portugal, Spanish regulars, and Spanish guerrillas in the Iberian Peninsula. Origin and Occupation
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, Bayonne successfully resisted a British siege. Bayonne gives its name to the bayonet, invented there in the 17th cent. The Cathedral of Bayonne (13th cent.) is copied from those of Soissons and Reims. There is a Basque museum and a fine arts museum, left to the city by the painter BonnatBonnat, Léon Joseph Florentin
, 1833–c.1922, French portrait and historical painter. He is best known for his portraits of famous men, including Thiers, Victor Hugo, and Dumas fils. Bonnat is represented in the Metropolitan Museum.
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, who was born there. Parts of the town's Roman and medieval walls are preserved, as are Vauban's fortifications (17th cent.).

Bayonne

(bāyōn`), city (1990 pop. 61,444), Hudson co., NE N.J., on a 3-mi (4.8-km) peninsula; inc. 1869. The machinery, oil, chemical, and other industries that dominated the economy in the mid-20th cent. subsequently declined, and port operations, medicine and other service industries, and firearms and other smaller scale manufacturing are now important. The large Military Ocean Terminal (opened 1942) on the city's waterfront closed in 1999. Part of the peninsula it occupied is now a cruise ship terminal, and other areas are devoted to residential, commerical, and light-industrial uses; a memorial to victims of the 9/11 terror attacks is in a nearby waterfront park. The city is connected to regional and national rail networks by a light-rail system. Dutch traders came to this site c.1650; the British gained possession in 1664. Bayonne is connected to Staten Island, N.Y., by the noted steel-arch Bayonne Bridge (1,675 ft/511 m long; opened 1931). In 2012 parts of the city suffered significant damage from Hurricane Sandy.

Bayonne

a port in SW France: a commercial centre for the Basque region. Pop.: 40 078 (1999)
References in periodicals archive ?
"This will be a permanent reminder of the long and valuable service Military Ocean Terminal Bayonne played in the nation's defense."
Wealthy Bayonne vice-president Alain Afflelou has reportedly financed the signings of Phillips, New Zealand wing Joe Rokocoko, All Blacks back-row forward Sione Lauaki and his fellow international, prop Neemia Tialata, France wing Cedric Heymans and Australia lock forward Mark Chisholm.
The oldest of Bayonne's bodegas - cellars - is Ibaia at 45 Quai Jaureguiberry (00 33 5 59 59 86 66), where you'll find local wines and imaginative and reasonably-priced snacks.
We were beaten at Bayonne by a brand of rugby that must have made Mr Roe very proud, despite his affection for Swansea.
"We recognize Elco played a prominent role in the history of Bayonne and wanted to do something special to commemorate its place in the City's foundation," says Robert Holmes, a Baker Residential vice president.
"We are very excited about the opportunity to redevelop this property," said Bayonne Mayor Joseph Doria.
Having avoided relegation from France's 14-club top-flight by the skin of their teeth last season, Bayonne have splashed the cash as they look for improved results.
Marks a new chapter in the Bayonne Bridges history, not just as a bridge between two states, but as a bridge to greater opportunities for the people of New Jersey and beyond, said Sen.
"Elco played a prominent role not only in the history of Bayonne, but also in our country's proud naval past.
Fidelco was named by the Bayonne Local Redevelopment Authority on March 24 to develop the Harbor Station section of the Peninsula.
Ground was recently broken during a special ceremony for Bay Harbor Club, Baker Residential's latest new-home community along the banks of the City of Bayonne's redeveloping waterfront.