Bayonne


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Bayonne

(bäyôn`), town (1990 pop. 41,846), Pyrénées-Atlantiques dept., SW France, in Gascony, on the Adour River near its entrance into the Bay of Biscay. Despite a shifting sandbar at the mouth of the Adour, it is a seaport, exporting sulfur, oil, and natural gas. The town also has metallurgical, chemical, aeronautical, tuna fishing, leather, and wood industries. French and Spanish, as well as Basque, are spoken there. At Bayonne, Napoleon I forced Charles IV and Ferdinand VII of Spain to abdicate (1808). At the end of the Peninsular WarPeninsular War,
1808–14, fought by France against Great Britain, Portugal, Spanish regulars, and Spanish guerrillas in the Iberian Peninsula. Origin and Occupation
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, Bayonne successfully resisted a British siege. Bayonne gives its name to the bayonet, invented there in the 17th cent. The Cathedral of Bayonne (13th cent.) is copied from those of Soissons and Reims. There is a Basque museum and a fine arts museum, left to the city by the painter BonnatBonnat, Léon Joseph Florentin
, 1833–c.1922, French portrait and historical painter. He is best known for his portraits of famous men, including Thiers, Victor Hugo, and Dumas fils. Bonnat is represented in the Metropolitan Museum.
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, who was born there. Parts of the town's Roman and medieval walls are preserved, as are Vauban's fortifications (17th cent.).

Bayonne

(bāyōn`), city (1990 pop. 61,444), Hudson co., NE N.J., on a 3-mi (4.8-km) peninsula; inc. 1869. The machinery, oil, chemical, and other industries that dominated the economy in the mid-20th cent. subsequently declined, and port operations, medicine and other service industries, and firearms and other smaller scale manufacturing are now important. The large Military Ocean Terminal (opened 1942) on the city's waterfront closed in 1999. Part of the peninsula it occupied is now a cruise ship terminal, and other areas are devoted to residential, commerical, and light-industrial uses; a memorial to victims of the 9/11 terror attacks is in a nearby waterfront park. The city is connected to regional and national rail networks by a light-rail system. Dutch traders came to this site c.1650; the British gained possession in 1664. Bayonne is connected to Staten Island, N.Y., by the noted steel-arch Bayonne Bridge (1,675 ft/511 m long; opened 1931). In 2012 parts of the city suffered significant damage from Hurricane Sandy.

Bayonne

a port in SW France: a commercial centre for the Basque region. Pop.: 40 078 (1999)
References in periodicals archive ?
The city of Bayonne is poised for tremendous growth as new developments continue to pop up and young professionals flow in from Manhattan," said AMS Acquisitions co-principal Michael Mitnick, adding that his company's mixed-use residential properties in Queens and Brooklyn have longer commuting times to Manhattan than Bayonne, which is a 25-minute train ride to downtown Manhattan.
Bayonne prop Florian Lapeyrade crossed after the break but Connacht took control and tries from Bundee Aki, Dave McSharry and Willie Faloon sealed the bonus point win.
But Phillips, 31, has threatened to sue Bayonne for terminating his contract.
I think it was unfair of Bayonne to sack such a quality player like that.
Scrum-half Mike Phillips is facing disciplinary action by his club Bayonne after allegations he attended a video analysis session while drunk
Recently, as part of its annual Chocolate Days festival celebrating the city's 500-year chocolate tradition, Bayonne paid homage to these intrepid Sephardi Jewish chocolate pioneers.
The Gwent region threw everything at Bayonne in the final couple of minutes and were denied a dramatic victory at the death by the decision of the television match official David Grashoff, with pictures proving inconclusive after a lengthy delay.
Smith is urging Bayonne residents with any concerns about the project to voice them at the meeting.
Leicester back Geordan Murphy is promoted from the bench and fills Trimble's place on the right wing in the only other change to the side that thrashed French club Bayonne 42-6 last Thursday.
Based on the results of his civil-service exam, Estevez was hired as an intern by the former Military Traffic Management Command, in Bayonne, which is now the Surface Deployment and Distribution Command.
The former Bayonne Military Ocean Terminal, now renamed The Peninsula at Bayonne Harbor, is a 430-acre, man-made peninsula that extends into New York Harbor.
Bayonne was where chocolate was first introduced to the general public of France.