Bayreuth


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Bayreuth

(bīroit`), city (1994 pop. 73,390), capital of Upper Franconia, Bavaria, S Germany, on the Red Main River. It is an industrial center; its manufactures include machinery, textiles, chemicals, and pianos. Founded in the mid-12th cent., Bayreuth belonged to a branch of the Hohenzollern family from 1248 to 1791, when it was annexed by Prussia. It was taken by France in 1807 and passed to Bavaria in 1810. Richard WagnerWagner, Richard
, 1813–83, German composer, b. Leipzig. Life and Work

Wagner was reared in a theatrical family, had a classical education, and began composing at 17.
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 lived in Bayreuth from 1872 to 1883, and the annual Bayreuth FestivalBayreuth Festival,
also called the Richard Wagner Festival, annual season of performances of Wagner's works, held in the Bavarian town of Bayreuth. Around 1851, Wagner began to visualize a festival theater that would be devoted to the performance of great German works for the
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 is held in the Festspielhaus, an opera house designed by Wagner and built in 1872–76. Wagner and Franz LisztLiszt, Franz
, 1811–86, Hungarian composer and pianist. Liszt was a revolutionary figure of romantic music and was acknowledged as the greatest pianist of his time. He made his debut at nine, going thereafter to Vienna to study with Czerny and Salieri.
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 are buried in Bayreuth.

Bayreuth

since 1876, international center for Wagner’s operas. [Opera Hist.: Thompson, 165]

Bayreuth

a city in E Germany, in NE Bavaria: home and burial place of Richard Wagner; annual festivals of his music. Pop.: 74 818 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Katharina has faced most of the charges that Bayreuth has tailed under the weight of directorial excess over the past decade or so--Castorfs Ring ranked by many as the most egregiously wrong-headed example.
The relationship between Nazism and the Bayreuth festival can be traced back to 1872 when Wagner started the event.
"No matter what I realize in Bayreuth," Schlingensief surmised of his dilemma, "people will say, 'That was a provocation!'" The Bayreuther Festspiele is still a family business managed by Wagner's great-grandchild Wolfgang--who famously appeared as a young boy in a photograph with Hitler, walking through the town with older members of the Nazifriendly Wagner family.
German spas: Bad Homburg, www.bad-homburg.de; Bad Homburg's Steigenberger Hotel, www.bad-homburg.steigenberger.de; Bayreuth, www.lohengrin-therme.de and www.bayreuth.de.
Many subsequently famous Liszt pupils were in Bayreuth during the days recounted in the diary: Arthur Friedheim, August Gollerich, Marie Ja%ll, Sophie Menter, Alexander Siloti and Bernhard Stavenhagen.
Measurements that she and her Bayreuth colleague Konrad Fiedler made, however, indicate that metabolic heat of caterpillars snuggling in a tent can slowly raise the temperature some 2.5 [degrees] to 3 [degrees] C.
Frederic Spotts approaches the Bayreuth festival at the intersection of art, institutional development and personal (familial) ambitions.
Nineteenth-century opera was dominated by the twin colossi of Verdi and Wagner (both born in 1813), while the opera house continued to evolve through Garnier's triumphant excursion into the Neo-Baroque for the Paris Opera, and Bruckner's innovations at Bayreuth. The Paris Opera overtly extended Louis' notions of the social promenade, with its acreage of gilded halls and sumptuous staircase.
When the Bayreuth Festival, much later than usual, finally posted in late spring the full artist roster for this summer's Wagner festival, there were several cast changes from last year.
He, Reinhard Konig, and Alexander Schindler, all of the University of Bayreuth, report their discovery in the May 31 PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS.
Contract notice: electricity supply for the properties of the district of bayreuth for the years 2020 to 2023
At the Bayreuth Festival alone, Knappertsbusch conducted 55 performances between 1951 and 1964, and his final performance as conductor, before his death in October 1965, was a Bayreuth Parsifal with Jon Vickers in the title role.