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Bayreuth(bīroit`), city (1994 pop. 73,390), capital of Upper Franconia, Bavaria, S Germany, on the Red Main River. It is an industrial center; its manufactures include machinery, textiles, chemicals, and pianos. Founded in the mid-12th cent., Bayreuth belonged to a branch of the Hohenzollern family from 1248 to 1791, when it was annexed by Prussia. It was taken by France in 1807 and passed to Bavaria in 1810. Richard WagnerWagner, Richard
, 1813–83, German composer, b. Leipzig. Life and Work
Wagner was reared in a theatrical family, had a classical education, and began composing at 17.
..... Click the link for more information. lived in Bayreuth from 1872 to 1883, and the annual Bayreuth FestivalBayreuth Festival,
also called the Richard Wagner Festival, annual season of performances of Wagner's works, held in the Bavarian town of Bayreuth. Around 1851, Wagner began to visualize a festival theater that would be devoted to the performance of great German works for the
..... Click the link for more information. is held in the Festspielhaus, an opera house designed by Wagner and built in 1872–76. Wagner and Franz LisztLiszt, Franz
, 1811–86, Hungarian composer and pianist. Liszt was a revolutionary figure of romantic music and was acknowledged as the greatest pianist of his time. He made his debut at nine, going thereafter to Vienna to study with Czerny and Salieri.
..... Click the link for more information. are buried in Bayreuth.
since 1876, international center for Wagner’s operas. [Opera Hist.: Thompson, 165]
See: Festival, Music
a city in E Germany, in NE Bavaria: home and burial place of Richard Wagner; annual festivals of his music. Pop.: 74 818 (2003 est.)