Baza (bä`thä), town (1990 pop. 21,123), Granada prov., S Spain, in Andalusia. It is a food-processing center for a fertile farm area noted especially for its cattle. Baza has flour and textile mills, tanneries, and cement plants. An important city of the Moorish kingdom of Granada, it fell to the Spaniards in 1489 after a year-long siege.