Bazille, Frédéric

Bazille, Frédéric,

1841–70, early French impressionist painter. He abandoned medical school to study at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Paris, where he met and became friends with MonetMonet, Claude
, 1840–1926, French landscape painter, b. Paris. Monet was a founder of impressionism. He adhered to its principles throughout his long career and is considered the most consistently representative painter of the school as well as one of the foremost painters
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, RenoirRenoir, Pierre Auguste
, 1841–1919, French impressionist painter and sculptor, b. Limoges. Renoir went to work at the age of 13 in Paris as a decorator of factory-made porcelain, copying the works of Boucher. In 1862 he entered M. C.
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, and other painters. Wealthier than many fellow artists, Bazille generously shared his studio with his two closest friends. During the 1860s he painted outdoors with Monet, adapting some of his friend's style while also not abandoning more traditional academic painting techniques. He showed promise in his sensitive treatment of color and figures in landscapes, e.g., Le Petit Jardinier (1867, Mus. of Fine Arts, Houston) and Family Reunion (1868, Musée d'Orsay, Paris), in portraits, e.g., Portrait of Renoir (1967, Musée d'Orsay), and interiors, e.g., Studio in the Rue de Furstenberg (1865, Musée Fabre, Montpellier). At the outbreak (1870) of the Franco-Prussian War he volunteered, and was killed early in the fighting.

Bibliography

See M. Peitcheva, Frederic Bazille: Colour Plates (2017); museum catalog by M. Hilaire and K. Jones (2017); studies by J. P. and F. D. Marandel (1978), M. Hudson Thames (1993), and M. Pitman (1998).

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