George Wells Beadle

(redirected from Beadle, George Wells)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.

Beadle, George Wells

Beadle, George Wells, 1903–89, American geneticist, b. Wahoo, Nebr., grad. Univ. of Nebraska (B.S., 1926; M.S., 1927), Ph.D. Cornell, 1931. Beadle taught (1931–36) biology at the California Institute of Technology, where he also began genetic research on the fruit fly, Drosophila, in T. H. Morgan's laboratory. He was later chairman (1946–61) of the biology department there, and in 1961 he became chancellor of the Univ. of Chicago. Beadle shared with Joshua Lederberg and E. L. Tatum the 1958 Nobel Prize in Physiology for work with Tatum on the bread mold Neurospora crassa, which showed that genes control the cell's production of enzymes and thus the basic chemistry of the cell.


See G. Beadle and M. Beadle, The Language of Life (1966).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2022, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Beadle, George Wells


Born Oct. 22,1903, in Wahoo, Nebraska. American geneticist.

In 1926, Beadle graduated from the University of Nebraska, and later from Cornell University. From 1931 to 1936 he was on the staff of the California Institute of Technology. Between 1946 and 1961 he was a professor. Beadle was a professor at Stanford University from 1937 to 1946. He was president of the University of Chicago from 1961 to 1968.

Beadle is the author of works on cytology and genetics; he also did research on genetic control of metabolism and on the physical and chemical bases of heredity. He thoroughly investigated (in experiments with maize, Drosophila flies, and the fungus Neurospora) the nature and function of genes, and he established the ability of bacteria to recombine foreign genetic substances with their own. Beadle, E. Ta-tum, and J. Lederberg received the Nobel Prize in medicine (1958) for research on the genetics of microorganisms.


Genetical and Cytological Studies of Mendelian Asynapsis in Zea Mays. New York, 1930.
An Introduction to Genetics. . . . Philadelphia-London, 1939. (Jointly with A. H. Sturtevant.)
Genetic Control of Metabolism. [Washington, D. C, 1952.]
“Genes and Chemical Reactions in Neurospora.” In Les prix Nobel en 1958. Stockholm, 1959.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.