George Olemaun, President of the Inupiat Community of the Arctic Slope, explained, "The bearded seal
is and has always been a part of our preparation for our whaling, as the skin for our boats and for our sustenance prepared for our seal oil and dried meat.
If the Ito cell number reflects the vitamin A exposure through marine prey species, mainly ringed seal and bearded seal
(Ramsay and Stirling 1988), young bears would have lower numbers of Ito cells because they do not start eating prey rich in vitamin A until they are weaned at approximately 2 years of age (Derocher and Stirling 1994).
Viral and bacterial serology of six free-ranging bearded seals
But bearded seals and other animals that are adapted to ice eat similar foods.
But ice-adapted animals like bearded seals also eat similar foods.
The polar bear, longtime sustenance for the tribes of the area, wander pack ice in search of bearded seals
Sandwiched between Alaska and the Eastern Arctic, the Inuvialuit homeland was rich in resources the people needed for survival: beluga and bow head whales, ringed and bearded seals
, caribou, muskoxen, polar and grizzly bears.
Among the ice-associated (pagophilic) seals, ringed seals, Phoca hispida, occur in all of these ice types, bearded seals, Erignathus barbatus, typically occur in all but the shorefast ice, while ribbon seals, Phoca fasciata, and spotted seals are generally found only in the ice front from February to late April.
2) and many other pinnipeds (51 bearded seals, 8 ringed seals, 333 walruses, and 34 unidentified pinnipeds).
Pinniped sightings included 46 bearded seals, 32 ringed seals, 559 walruses, and 3 unidentified pinnipeds.
Other pinniped sightings included 9 bearded seals, 669 ringed seals, 1 Steller sea lion, 180 walruses, and 29 unidentified pinnipeds.
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