Béarn

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Béarn

(bāärn`), former province, SW France, in the Pyrenees. It is now the inland part of Pyrénées-Atlantiques dept. Its valleys are well cultivated, and cattle are bred. Pau replaced Orthez as the capital in the 15th cent. The Bearnese are related to the Basques but speak French. Béarn was part of Roman Aquitania. It came (6th cent.) under the control of GasconyGascony
, Fr. Gascogne, region of SW France. It is now coextensive with the departments of Landes, Gers, and Hautes-Pyrénées and parts of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Lot-et-Garonne, Tarn-et-Garonne, Haute-Garonne, Gironde, and Ariège.
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 and was made (9th cent.) a county. In 1290 it passed to the counts of Foix, who later became kings of Navarre, and in 1484 to the house of AlbretAlbret
, former duchy, SW France, in the Landes of Gascony. The powerful lords of Albret became kings of Navarre by the marriage (1484) of Jean d'Albret with Catherine de Foix, queen of Navarre, who also brought him Foix and Béarn.
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. Protestantism was imposed by Jeanne d'Albret. When her son became Henry IV of France, Béarn passed to the crown. However, it remained autonomous until 1620, when Louis XIII annexed it as an anti-Protestant measure. With the Basque districts of French or Lower Navarre, it became a French province under the jurisdiction of the parlement of Navarre, which sat at Pau.
References in periodicals archive ?
As sister to the French king and wife of the sovereign prince of Bearn and king of Navarre, Marguerite de Navarre juggled divided loyalties.
One may doubt whether the campaign of Jeanne's captain Montgomery and his army of the Viscounts to recover Bearn in the second half of 1569 was really inspired by Judges 11.
The technical brilliance of Bearn rests with Villalonga's choice and development of a narrative voice: the text is a letter from the chaplain of the house of Bearn to his superior after the ambiguous death of the protagonist, don Tonet de Bearn.
BEARN = 12682 = 113 PUNION -- 35 PBFHEAD + 28 BWPOPR
The proceeds from the said $ 500,000 (CA) placement, will be primarily to finance the activities to finalize the value-added and cedar oriented strand board ("OSB") project in Bearn, Temiscamingue.
Mike Bearn, a consultant ophthalmologist at Newcastle's Royal Victoria Infirmary, said Doreen first visited the hospital in April of 1976.
She is a remarkable woman, completely uncomplaining and has looked after herself exceptionally well over the 40 yearsMike Bearn
This group comprise Roberto Goldback, Midnight Appeal, Yes Tom, Lackamon, Merry King, Al Co, Pure Faith, Roalco De Farges, Summery Justice, Adrenalin Flight, Sir Du Bearn and Ballybough Gorta.
stratford, saturday soft, good to soft in places SIR DU BEARN belied his 25-1 odds with a resounding success in the 2m5f110yds handicap chase.
who wrote The flower of chivalry; Bertrand du Guesclin and the Hundred years war, presents a page- turner that recounts the life and exploits of the dastardly Count of Foix, who ruled in Bearn, on the border of Spain, at the time of the Hundred Years War, the war against the Cathars, and the Investiture Controversy, all of which affected the Count in greater or lesser ways.
I ATTENDED the service for Armed Forces Day in Coventry Cathedral and found it very moving, especially the sermon given by the Rev Hugh Bearn, Chaplain to the Queen.
Born on November 12, 1912, Lasserre left his native Bearn region in France's Basque country aged 12, and worked his way up through Paris' restaurants before opening his own in 1942, near the Champs Elysees.