Fra Angelico

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Angelico, Fra

(frä änjĕl`ĭkō), c.1400–1455, Florentine painter, b. Vicchio, Tuscany. He was variously named Guido (his baptismal name), or Guidolino, di Pietro; and Giovanni da Fiesole. After his death he was called Il Beato Fra Giovanni Angelico, although he was not officially beatified until 1982, by Pope John Paul II. Angelico's style is remarkable for its purity of line and color and its spiritual expressiveness. He took his vows c.1425 in the Dominican order. The first painting of certain date by Angelico is his 1433 Madonna of the Linen Guild (St. Mark's convent, Florence). It is supposed that his activity began at least 10 years earlier, and that he first painted small pictures, such as St. Jerome Penitent (Princeton) and miniatures. Other works suggested for this period (1423–33) are Virgin and Child Enthroned with Twelve Angels (Staedel Inst., Frankfurt); Virgin and Child with Angels (National Gall., London); Madonna of the Star and Naming of the Baptist (both: St. Mark's convent). It is thought that Angelico was first influenced by Gentile da FabrianoGentile da Fabriano
, c.1370–1427, Italian painter, one of the outstanding exponents of the elegant international Gothic style. In 1409 he worked in the Doge's Palace, Venice, painting historical frescoes that subsequently perished.
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, and that he soon adopted MasaccioMasaccio
, 1401–1428?, Italian painter. He is the foremost Italian painter of the Florentine Renaissance in the early 15th cent. Masaccio's original name was Tommaso Guidi. He was enrolled in the guild of St. Luke in 1424.
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's advances in spatial conception.

Scholars have assigned to the 1430s such works as the Annunciation (Cortona); Coronation of the Virgin (Louvre); Deposition and Last Judgment (both: St. Mark's convent). In 1436, under the protection of Cosimo de' Medici, the Dominicans of Fiesole moved to St. Mark's convent in Florence. Fra Angelico supervised the fresco decoration of the building. Among the works considered to be by his hand are the Crucifixion with St. Dominic (cloisters) and the great Crucifixion (chapter house). In the convent also are frescoed Noli mi Tangere, Annunciation, Transfiguration, Mocking of Christ, Presentation in the Temple, Virgin and Child with Saints, and others. In 1445 he was summoned to Rome by Pope Eugenius IV to decorate the Cappella del Sacramento in the Vatican. In 1447 he visited Orvieto, where, assisted by his pupil Benozzo GozzoliGozzoli, Benozzo
, 1420–97, Florentine painter, whose real name was Benozzo di Lese. He was apprenticed to Fra Angelico, first in Florence and later in Rome. Becoming independent in 1449, he chose to stay in Montefalco for a few years.
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, he painted Christ as Judge and the Prophets in the Cappella Nuova of the cathedral. Returning to Rome, the following year he designed his greatest and most unified scenes—episodes from the lives of St. Stephen and St. Lawrence. However, the execution of this project was probably carried out mainly by pupils.

Fra Angelico treated none but religious subjects. Adapting the artistic innovations of his time, such as sculptural clarity of form and spatial depth, he interpreted them in terms of the greatest spirituality. Angelico endowed these new forms with his own incomparable sense of coloring and unity. In the United States he is represented by the Crucifixion (Fogg Mus., Cambridge); Assumption and Dormition of the Virgin (Gardner Mus., Boston); Temptation of St. Anthony Abbot (Mus. of Fine Arts, Houston, Tex.); and Crucifixion and Nativity (both: Metropolitan Mus.).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Although USTPH holds office and has a bookstore at Beato Angelico, one of the more recent buildings on the ancient campus, it has recently opened another and more spacious bookstore at the more centrally located UST Main Building, declared a National Cultural Treasure by the National Museum.
The pieces include the "Trinity" by Alessio Baldovinetti, a scholar of Renaissance painter Beato Angelico, and the "Presentation of Jesus to the Temple", by Verona-based Girolamo Dai Libri, a famous miniaturist artist.
The Cavite-born director-animator received the Beato Angelico statue from Fr.
Turoldo" by Pasquale Tuscano (719-736); "Ne L'isola di Arturo dall'esilio alla fuga" by Nicola Carducci (737-52); "Il Beato Angelico di Elsa Morante" by Giulia Dell'Aquila (753-62); "La scrittura del tempo e la 'letteraturizzazione' del ricordo raccontato come immagine: la traccia, la testimonianza e la metafora del 'passato che non passa'" by Carlo Augieri (763-80); "Scrivere di storia.
portami anche i libri, specialemente le pergamene': Il Polittico Guidalotti del Beato Angelico," in Beato Angelico e Benozzo Gozzoli: Artisti del Rinascimento a Perugia, ed.
59) of Il filo dell'orizzonte, the markedly metanarrative and intertextual nature of I volatili del Beato Angelico, the theatricality of I dialoghi mancati, and the nightmarish atmosphere of L'angelo nero.
He shared the Burgundian opulence of van Eyck, the wondering contemplation of the Beato Angelico, and the gentle whimsicality of Sassetta.
Luca da Cortona (Signorelli) mourning the dead Christ; Beato Angelico, the Angelic Brother, the most chaste author of The Annunciation; the tiny marketplace with its medieval Municipal Palace and Renaissance Palazzo del Cristofanello, both set in a landscape so beautiful it would seem that it, and not the site's strategic location, was what inspired the builders to found a city here.
"Falling into the Manhole: A Memoir" is available in all National Book Store branches and the UST Publishing House bookstore, Beato Angelico Building, University of Santo Tomas, Espana, Manila.