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McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(also decubitus ulcer), the necrosis of soft tissues resulting from constant pressure and accompanied by circulatory and trophic nerve disorders. Bedsores develop in persons confined to bed for a prolonged period, for example, in elderly patients with fractures, in patients with diseases of the central nervous system, and in patients with traumas of the spinal cord.

Bedsores form in the region of the sacrum, shoulder blades, heels, or elbow joints. The skin, which is the superficies of the bedsore, is affected, as is the subcutaneous cellular tissue that contains muscles. A deep subcutaneous bedsore is dangerous in that it can result in an infected wound and intoxication. A bedsore may develop because of pressure on the skin from a plaster cast or from an orthopedic prosthesis or apparatus. It may also develop on the mucosa of the mouth because of pressure caused by dental prostheses.

Treatment of bedsores includes ultraviolet irradiation, administration of potassium permanganate solutions, application of dressings, use of general analeptic measures, and less frequently, surgery. Prophylaxis includes good care of the skin, for example, by rubbing, and a regular change of linens, and the use of bedpans and special pneumatic massaging mattresses. It is also important occasionally to shift the patient’s position in bed.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The clinical trial published in the 2018 edition of BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine was done on 80 purposefully selected patients in orthopaedic ward in Arak town, Iran, 2016 that were at risk of moderate to severe bed sores.
Mrs Bravette noticed an unpleasant smell and was shocked when she realised it was as a result of her husband's bed sores.
He asked Ms Hall: "Are you confident that officers who are completing these letters will know what he or she has to include in these letters?" She replied: "Yes I am." Dr Fraser Charlton, a consultant at the RVI, who carried out the postmortem on Malcolm, said he died from multiple organ failure due to septicaemia, which had most likely come from the infection in the bed sore.
The report by the CSCI states that staff did not properly document treatment of his bed sores, resulting in a fluctuating level of care.
THE BEREAVED family of a grandmotherwho suffered bruises and infected bed sores after staying at a North Wales care home say they may take legal action.
Jonathan Jackson, 70, was in hospital after a car accident and was at high risk of bed sores as a type 1 diabetic.
NURSES at Nuneaton's George Eliot Hospital have pledged to help make patients more comfortable by signing up to a campaign aimed at cutting the number of people suffering bed sores.
NEW measures to prevent patients developing bed sores will be introduced across Cardiff and Vale University Health Board.
And spending so long lying down has left Fiona with bed sores and skin problems.
Amongst the issues raised by her family were a lack of response to her complaints of bed sores and vomiting.
THE Calderdale and Huddersfield Hospital Patient and Public Involvement Forum is right to be concerned about the level of painful skin ulcers (bed sores) suffered by local patients.
The new computer controlled mattress cushions the patient on pockets of air that give support while relieving pressure that can cause bed sores.