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(also decubitus ulcer), the necrosis of soft tissues resulting from constant pressure and accompanied by circulatory and trophic nerve disorders. Bedsores develop in persons confined to bed for a prolonged period, for example, in elderly patients with fractures, in patients with diseases of the central nervous system, and in patients with traumas of the spinal cord.

Bedsores form in the region of the sacrum, shoulder blades, heels, or elbow joints. The skin, which is the superficies of the bedsore, is affected, as is the subcutaneous cellular tissue that contains muscles. A deep subcutaneous bedsore is dangerous in that it can result in an infected wound and intoxication. A bedsore may develop because of pressure on the skin from a plaster cast or from an orthopedic prosthesis or apparatus. It may also develop on the mucosa of the mouth because of pressure caused by dental prostheses.

Treatment of bedsores includes ultraviolet irradiation, administration of potassium permanganate solutions, application of dressings, use of general analeptic measures, and less frequently, surgery. Prophylaxis includes good care of the skin, for example, by rubbing, and a regular change of linens, and the use of bedpans and special pneumatic massaging mattresses. It is also important occasionally to shift the patient’s position in bed.

References in periodicals archive ?
Baroness Finlay, a champion of palliative care and a cross-bench member of the House of Lords, says it is not known how many people have bed sores in Wales because so many go unreported.
But when I went to pick him up I was horrified; he was in a very poor state, he'd lost a lot of weight and had a huge bed sore.
With a new safety focus, nursing homes that are in the greatest need of assistance will have the opportunity to work with HealthInsight to reduce bed sores and the use of physical restraints.
If we could focus our efforts on just four key areas--failure to rescue, bed sores, postoperative sepsis, and postoperative pulmonary embolism--and reduce these incidents by just 20%, we could save 39,000 people from dying every year," said Dr.
LANCASTER - Lancaster Community Hospital has opened a wound-care center to treat people with chronic nonhealing wounds, such as pressure ulcers, bed sores and diabetic ulcers.
In one study, the bed sores of elderly hospital patients with low levels of zinc in their blood cleared up more quickly when they were given 245 mg a day for six weeks.
They have no bed sores or rope burns or cigarette burns; no bruises, welts, lash marks, or any blatant signs that mother is a flesh chewing psychopath.
I suggested to him that, instead of trying to sell a few of his mattresses to hospitals for the treatment of bed sores, he should get hospitals to buy them for all of their beds so that they could prevent bed sores in the first place.
Such inactivity leads to bed sores, muscle and bone deterioration, leg vein thrombosis, urinary retention, constipation, and depression.
Even if you have no particular need or desire to know that a poultice of violet leaves and flowers can be used to treat varicose veins, or that honey on a gauze pad will heal bed sores, reading the chapter introductions is more than worth the time and effort.
The majority of these bed sores were found on the tailbone or sacrum, followed by the hip, buttock and heels.
HEALTH bosses were slammed yesterday over the death of an elderly woman whose bed sores were not properly treated.