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town and borough (1991 pop. 75,632), central England, on the Ouse River. It is an important industrial center; diesel engines, pumps, turbines, agricultural machinery, electrical equipment, and transistors are the chief manufactures. Bedford is also a fluid dynamics research center. A battlefield for Britons and Saxons in the 6th cent., Bedford was the scene of an important Saxon defeat in 571. St. Peter's Church contains examples of Saxon stone carvings. John BunyanBunyan, John
, 1628–88, English author, b. Elstow, Bedfordshire. After a brief period at the village free school, Bunyan learned the tinker's trade, which he followed intermittently throughout his life. Joining the parliamentary army in 1644, he served until 1647.
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 is commemorated by a chapel on the site of a building where he preached in the 17th cent. Bedford School, in existence since the 12th cent., is one of the largest public schools in England. Bedford formerly was the county seat of Bedfordshire, which was abolished as an administrative county in 2009.


1 City (1990 pop. 13,817), seat of Lawrence co., S Ind.; inc. 1889. Bedford limestone, quarried there and shipped all over the world, was used in the construction of the Empire State Building and the Pentagon. The city also has several small industrial plants and a foundry. Carvings and the many old stone buildings and houses are notable. 2 Town (1990 pop. 12,996), Middlesex co., E Mass., a residential suburb of Boston; settled c.1637, inc. 1729. Several pre-Revolutionary houses remain. 3 City (1990 pop. 14,822), Cuyahoga co., NE Ohio, a suburb of Cleveland; settled c.1813 on the site of a Moravian settlement (1786), inc. as a city 1931. Although chiefly residential, it has plants that manufacture office furniture, china, rubber goods, auto parts, processed foods, and tools. 4 City (1990 pop. 43,762), Tarrant co., N Tex., a suburb of Fort Worth; settled c.1843, inc. 1954. Manufactures include plastic molds and telecommunications equipment.
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Bedford (Independent City), Virginia

215 E Main St
Bedford, VA 24523
Phone: (540) 587-6001
Fax: (540) 586-7134

In south-central VA, between Roanoke and Lynchburg. Serves as county seat for Bedford County. Annexed part of Bedford County effective July 1, 1993. Name Origin: Incorporated as the town of Liberty in 1839; name changed to Bedford City in 1890 for John Russell (1710-71), the fourth Duke of Bedford; shortened to Bedford in 1912. Incorporated as a city in 1969

Area (sq mi):: 6.90 (land 6.89; water 0.01) Population per square mile: 901.50
Population 2005: 6,211 State rank: 128 Population change: 2000-20005 -1.40%; 1990-2000 3.70% Population 2000: 6,299 (White 74.70%; Black or African American 22.40%; Hispanic or Latino 0.90%; Asian 0.60%; Other 1.70%). Foreign born: 1.60%. Median age: 40.90
Income 2000: per capita $15,423; median household $28,792; Population below poverty level: 19.70% Personal per capita income (2000-2003): $27,904-$30,051
Unemployment (2004): 4.60% Unemployment change (from 2000): 1.10% Median travel time to work: 20.00 minutes Working outside county of residence: 44.40%
Cities with population over 10,000: None
See other counties in .
Counties USA: A Directory of United States Counties, 3rd Edition. © 2006 by Omnigraphics, Inc.


1. David. born 1937, British composer, influenced by rock music
2. Duke of, title of John of Lancaster. 1389--1435, son of Henry IV of England: protector of England and regent of France (1422--35)


1. a town in SE central England, administrative centre of Bedfordshire, on the River Ouse. Pop.: 82 488 (2001)
2. short for Bedfordshire
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Robinson, was the longest-serving CO [commanding officer] in the 306th Bombardment Group, Eighth Army Air Force, flying from Thurleigh Base just outside Bedford, England. Between June 19, 1943, and September 24, 1944, he led the 306th in combat 11 times.
The introduction said that the photographer, a freelancer based in Bedford, England, 'creates his images with long exposures but without digital manipulation.'
"John Bunyan: Journey Of A Pilgrim is an informative and superbly presented documentary that was filmed at the John Bunyan Museum in Bedford, England and presents a detailed history of this English protestant reformer's life story as chronicled by John Pestell (the author of 'Travel with John Bunyan).
In 1968, as a young airman, I was stationed at Chicksands Air Force Base near Bedford, England. In April of that year, I visited London for the first time.
John Bunyan was a Baptist pastor who started to write the original tale when he was jailed in Bedford, England for preaching.
Since the tercentenary of Bunyan's death in 1988, about two new academic books on Bunyan have appeared on average each year, punctuated by a gathering of Bunyan devotees led by many of their authors in September 2004, in Bunyan's own home town of Bedford, England. Invited to deliver the opening plenary address of that conference, Hofmeyr shared on that occasion some of the findings in The Portable Bunyan that suggest an intriguing explanation for the already remarkable direction of Bunyan interest away from its originally popular audience toward keepers of the ivory tower.
Bombardier Ale from the Charles Wells Brewery in Bedford, England and Aspall Dry and Medium Cyders of Suffolk, England were selected as beverages for the reception.
Born in Bedford, England, his family moved to Fairwater before he was two years old and he was always very proud of coming from the area.
As a food chemist at Unilever Research in Bedford, England, he investigates what makes different morsels cook, feel, and taste the way they do.
Renold Hi Tec supplied 12 of its heavy-duty 838.0 DCB-type couplings to link the diesel engine and gearbox in each of 12 giant pumpsets manufactured by Allen Diesels of Bedford, England, which send the crude oil on its 1,540-kilometer journey.
The deal includes VES plants in South Lebanon, Ohio; Lebanon, Ohio; and Bedford, England. The motors and drives plant in Italy isn't part of the sale; Eaton will find another buyer.

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