Statue of Liberty

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Related to Bedloe's Island: Liberty Island, Ellis Island

Liberty, Statue of

Liberty, Statue of, statue on Liberty Island in Upper New York Bay, commanding the entrance to New York City. Liberty Island, c.10 acres (4 hectares), formerly Bedloe's Island (renamed in 1956), was the former site of a quarantine station and harbor fortifications. The statue, originally known as Liberty Enlightening the World, was proposed by the French historian Édouard Laboulaye in 1865 to commemorate the alliance of France with the American colonies during the American Revolution and, according to scholars, was originally intended as an antimonarchy and antislavery symbol. Funds were raised by the Franco-American Union (est. 1875), and the statue was designed by the French sculptor F. A. Bartholdi in the form of a woman with an uplifted arm holding a torch. The world's tallest metal statue when it was made, 151 ft (46 m) in height, it was constructed of copper sheets, using Bartholdi's 9-ft (2.7-m) model. A. G. Eiffel design the internal iron pylon and skeletal framework that supports the copper sheets. The statue was shipped to New York City in 1885, assembled, and dedicated in 1886.

The base of the statue is an 11-pointed star, part of old Fort Wood; a 154-ft (47-m) pedestal, built through American funding and designed by Richard Morris Hunt, is made of concrete faced with granite. On it is a tablet, affixed in 1903, inscribed with “The New Colossus,” the famous sonnet of Emma Lazarus, welcoming immigrants to the United States. By the early 20th cent, this greeting to the arriving stranger had become the statue's primary symbolic message. Broadening in its meaning, the statue became a symbol of America during World War I and a ubiquitous democratic symbol during World War II. An elevator runs to the top of the pedestal, and steps within the statue lead to the crown.

The Statue of Liberty became a national monument in 1924. In 1965, Ellis Island, the entrance point of millions of immigrants to the United States, was added to the monument. The statue was extensively refurbished, including replacing the torch, prior to its centennial celebration in 1986. The Statue of Liberty Museum, on Liberty Island in a separate facility and containing the statue's original torch, opened in 2019.


See M. Trachtenberg, The Statue of Liberty (1976); W. S. Dillon, ed., The Statue of Liberty Revisited (1994); B. Moreno, The Statue of Liberty Encyclopedia (2000); Y. S. Khan, Enlightening the World: The Creation of the Statue of Liberty (2010); E. Mitchell, Liberty's Torch: The Great Adventure to Build the Statue of Liberty (2014).

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Statue of Liberty

great symbolic structure in New York harbor. [Am. Hist.: Jameson, 284]
See: America

Statue of Liberty

perhaps the most famous monument to independence. [Am. Hist.: Jameson, 284]
See: Freedom
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
DEREK BROWN'S NAP: Bedloe's Island (4.45pm, Newcastle).
A group of New Yorkers formed The American Committee for the Statue of Liberty, and in 1877, Congress granted Bedloe's Island for the sculpture.
It was placed at what was perceived to be the gateway to the country on Bedloe's Island (now Liberty Island), which, along with nearby Ellis Island, was part of New York's harbor defense against the British in the war of 1812.
Liberty Island, first known as Bedloe's Island, was originally inhabited by Native Americans.
In the southwest region of the country, the renegade Apache Indian chief "Geronimo" was captured, and the 225 ton bronze "Statue of Liberty" was unveiled at Bedloe's Island in New York harbor.
The cornerstone of the pedestal of the Statue of Liberty was laid at Bedloe's Island (now Liberty Island) in New York harbor.
It was a cool, rainy day, but Bedloe's Island (renamed Liberty Island in 1956) was packed with dignitaries, and the surrounding waters were crowded with boats of every description, all decked out in colorful bunting.
SOUTHWELL: 1.00 COLUMBIAN ROULETTE (NAP), 1.30 Tartan Trip, 2.05 Ivy Port, 2.40 Scottish Boogie, 3.15 Bedloe's Island, 3.45 Greenhead High, 4.15 Grace Hull.
NAOMI MATTHEW: 1.00 COLUMBIAN ROULETTE (NAP), 1.30 Tartan Trip, 2.05 Ivy Port, 2.40 Scottish Boogie, 3.15 Bedloe's Island, 3.45 Greenhead High, 4.15 Grace Hull.
BEDLOE'S Island can make it a course-and-distance double in the Compare Bookmakers At bookmakers.
SOUTHWELL: 12.15 Short Shrift, 12.50 Goal, 1.25 Magika, 2.00 Bedloe's Island, 2.35 Moss Quito, 3.10 Exceeding Power, 3.45 General Tufto.
North Colin Russell Bedloe's Island (4.40 Newcastle, nap) Enjoying a good season, winning at Redcar in May and following up with a sound effort last time at Carlisle.