Bedouin


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Bedouin

(bĕd`o͞oĭn) [Arab.,=desert dwellers], primarily nomad Arab peoples of the Middle East, where they form about 10% of the population. They are of the same Semitic stock as their sedentary neighbors (the fellahin; see ArabsArabs,
name originally applied to the Semitic peoples of the Arabian Peninsula. It now refers to those persons whose primary language is Arabic. They constitute most of the population of Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi
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) and share with them a devout belief in IslamIslam
, [Arab.,=submission to God], world religion founded by the Prophet Muhammad. Founded in the 7th cent., Islam is the youngest of the three monotheistic world religions (with Judaism and Christianity). An adherent to Islam is a Muslim [Arab.,=one who submits].
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 and a distrust of any but their own local traditions and way of life. Camel and sheep breeding provide their main livelihood. Land is divided into recognized tribal orbits within which are roving family groups. The tribe is a community of equals headed by a sheikh. Among the Bedouin, hospitality and simple, immediate justice are first rules of conduct. Although Bedouin have traditionally avoided agricultural work, settlement policies of the various Middle Eastern states in the 20th cent. have forced many of them into a sedentary life.

Bibliography

See E. Marx, Bedouin of the Negev (1967); E. Nevins and T. Wright, World Without Time (1969).

Bedouin

a nomadic desert Arab. [Br. Folklore: Espy, 98]

Bedouin

, Beduin
a member of any of the nomadic tribes of Arabs inhabiting the deserts of Arabia, Jordan, and Syria, as well as parts of the Sahara
References in periodicals archive ?
These Bedouin have been accused of destroying equipment and labs, which cost hundreds of millions of Egyptian pounds.
The Praver plan, which was approved in September, is supposed to address the issue of unrecognized Bedouin villages located in the Negev Desert in Southern Israel.
Should Mr al Uqbi win his case, tens of thousands of Bedouin, who long ago had their properties confiscated, could be entitled to repossess their agricultural lands or seek enormous sums in compensation.
Arutz 7 has learned that soon the first Bedouin will enlist in the prestigious Air Force pilot course.
The Bedouin are part of the Arab-Palestinian citizens of the State of Israel.
The village is one of 35 Bedouin villages considered "unrecognized" by the Israeli government, and was first demolished in 2010.
Al-Araqib is one of 35 Bedouin villages considered ae1/4oeunrecognizedae1/4Ci by the Israeli state.
Al-Araqib is one of 35 Bedouin villages considered "unrecognized" by the Israeli government.
The clan especially, the extended family is where the Bedouin lives his life.
A report by Al Quds new s noted that the heavy cultural weight of Dahiyya, which is considered a treasured and artistic part of Bedouin heritage, amplified the offense -- as did tension over the Bedouin place in Palestinian national identity.
KFAR ZABAD, Lebanon: Spread across the living room floor of a small house in Zahle's Kfar Zabad, the Bedouin Saleh family lamented the circumstances that have left many of their people stateless.
Established in 1967, Tel Sheva was the first of seven towns built as part of the Israeli government's plan to urbanize the Bedouin.