Bedouin


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Bedouin

(bĕd`o͞oĭn) [Arab.,=desert dwellers], primarily nomad Arab peoples of the Middle East, where they form about 10% of the population. They are of the same Semitic stock as their sedentary neighbors (the fellahin; see ArabsArabs,
name originally applied to the Semitic peoples of the Arabian Peninsula. It now refers to those persons whose primary language is Arabic. They constitute most of the population of Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi
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) and share with them a devout belief in IslamIslam
, [Arab.,=submission to God], world religion founded by the Prophet Muhammad. Founded in the 7th cent., Islam is the youngest of the three monotheistic world religions (with Judaism and Christianity). An adherent to Islam is a Muslim [Arab.,=one who submits].
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 and a distrust of any but their own local traditions and way of life. Camel and sheep breeding provide their main livelihood. Land is divided into recognized tribal orbits within which are roving family groups. The tribe is a community of equals headed by a sheikh. Among the Bedouin, hospitality and simple, immediate justice are first rules of conduct. Although Bedouin have traditionally avoided agricultural work, settlement policies of the various Middle Eastern states in the 20th cent. have forced many of them into a sedentary life.

Bibliography

See E. Marx, Bedouin of the Negev (1967); E. Nevins and T. Wright, World Without Time (1969).

Bedouin

a nomadic desert Arab. [Br. Folklore: Espy, 98]

Bedouin

, Beduin
a member of any of the nomadic tribes of Arabs inhabiting the deserts of Arabia, Jordan, and Syria, as well as parts of the Sahara
References in periodicals archive ?
The Bedouins are wonderful people and spending a holiday with them is truly magical.
The healing significance of the Negev's Bedouin Dervish.
Leaving here we headed down a narrow canyon to a Bedouin camp.
In the late 1960s and early 1970s, the Government of Israel began to implement plans to resettle the Negev Bedouin in seven urban communities -- Rahat, Tel Sheva, 'Aro'er, Kuseifeh, Segev Shalom, Hura, and Lakia.
The architect of the plan said that he never approached the Bedouin with the plan and did not seek approval on the issue
Between the Bedouin and the state there's a large, ongoing crisis of confidence that needs to be resolved," Almog told Hretz on Sunday.
Marx (social anthropology, Tel Aviv University, Israel) revisits the Bedouin of the Sinai after several decades.
Bedouin Experience, a tour company, is offering insights into the Bedouin culture through home stays and tourism in Israel.
Et cette negligence a eu ses consequences, car les bedouins ont ete un casse-tete pour le Caire, tout simplement parce qu'ils reclament leurs droits de citoyennete.
Today we are proud to say that that dream is now a reality with the launch of our first organic 3 ply fire retardant stretch Bedouin tent fabric.
The sparsely populated region is where Egypt's most lucrative tourist resorts are located, as well as being home to a mostly poor and disaffected Bedouin population.
South Korean ambassador to Egypt Yoon Jong-gon said the three South Koreans were released with the active help from the Egyptian government and the leaders of the Bedouin tribe.