Bedouin


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Bedouin

(bĕd`o͞oĭn) [Arab.,=desert dwellers], primarily nomad Arab peoples of the Middle East, where they form about 10% of the population. They are of the same Semitic stock as their sedentary neighbors (the fellahin; see ArabsArabs,
name originally applied to the Semitic peoples of the Arabian Peninsula. It now refers to those persons whose primary language is Arabic. They constitute most of the population of Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi
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) and share with them a devout belief in IslamIslam
, [Arab.,=submission to God], world religion founded by the Prophet Muhammad. Founded in the 7th cent., Islam is the youngest of the three monotheistic world religions (with Judaism and Christianity). An adherent to Islam is a Muslim [Arab.,=one who submits].
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 and a distrust of any but their own local traditions and way of life. Camel and sheep breeding provide their main livelihood. Land is divided into recognized tribal orbits within which are roving family groups. The tribe is a community of equals headed by a sheikh. Among the Bedouin, hospitality and simple, immediate justice are first rules of conduct. Although Bedouin have traditionally avoided agricultural work, settlement policies of the various Middle Eastern states in the 20th cent. have forced many of them into a sedentary life.

Bibliography

See E. Marx, Bedouin of the Negev (1967); E. Nevins and T. Wright, World Without Time (1969).

Bedouin

a nomadic desert Arab. [Br. Folklore: Espy, 98]

Bedouin

, Beduin
a member of any of the nomadic tribes of Arabs inhabiting the deserts of Arabia, Jordan, and Syria, as well as parts of the Sahara
References in periodicals archive ?
The Bedouin is a very complex and extremely interesting character in our era, maybe also because of his contradictory spirit.
Some responses even extended to the street, as Bedouin groups in the Gaza Strip organized an event to celebrate Al-Dahiyya.
Despite his self-declared role in the predicament, a series of complex historical developments have left them -- and other Bedouin families -- in the precarious position they find themselves in today.
The Supreme Follow-up Committee for Palestinian citizens of Israel has categorically rejected the minister's comments, refusing even to consider his remarks on lowering birth rate of the bedouin residents and the prevention of polygamy, stressing that the plan is destined for failure.
The Bedouin life there is different than it is in the cities, as Al Jiza is an area of stability for the sons of the desert while the cities are not inhabited by Bedouins mostly in summer.
kitab al-Nabdt of al-Asmaiclaim, claim to have obtained information from Bedouin informants.
The Bedouin Way is based on the peninsula's southern tip, which is largely free of the security issues that riddle the north.
The architect of the plan said that he never approached the Bedouin with the plan and did not seek approval on the issue
Palestinian flags were sighted at the rallies, prompting government representatives to decry the involvement of non-Bedouin agitators in a Bedouin protest.
Marx (social anthropology, Tel Aviv University, Israel) revisits the Bedouin of the Sinai after several decades.
Bedouin Experience, a tour company, is offering insights into the Bedouin culture through home stays and tourism in Israel.
Et cette negligence a eu ses consequences, car les bedouins ont ete un casse-tete pour le Caire, tout simplement parce qu'ils reclament leurs droits de citoyennete.