Bedouin

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Bedouin

(bĕd`o͞oĭn) [Arab.,=desert dwellers], primarily nomad Arab peoples of the Middle East, where they form about 10% of the population. They are of the same Semitic stock as their sedentary neighbors (the fellahin; see ArabsArabs,
name originally applied to the Semitic peoples of the Arabian Peninsula. It now refers to those persons whose primary language is Arabic. They constitute most of the population of Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi
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) and share with them a devout belief in IslamIslam
, [Arab.,=submission to God], world religion founded by the Prophet Muhammad. Founded in the 7th cent., Islam is the youngest of the three monotheistic world religions (with Judaism and Christianity). An adherent to Islam is a Muslim [Arab.,=one who submits].
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 and a distrust of any but their own local traditions and way of life. Camel and sheep breeding provide their main livelihood. Land is divided into recognized tribal orbits within which are roving family groups. The tribe is a community of equals headed by a sheikh. Among the Bedouin, hospitality and simple, immediate justice are first rules of conduct. Although Bedouin have traditionally avoided agricultural work, settlement policies of the various Middle Eastern states in the 20th and 21st cent. have forced many of them into a sedentary life.

Bibliography

See E. Marx, Bedouin of the Negev (1967); E. Nevins and T. Wright, World Without Time (1969).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

Bedouin

a nomadic desert Arab. [Br. Folklore: Espy, 98]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Bedouin

, Beduin
a member of any of the nomadic tribes of Arabs inhabiting the deserts of Arabia, Jordan, and Syria, as well as parts of the Sahara
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
ACRI said the Israeli government uses a variety of measures to pressure Bedouins into relocating to government-planned urban centers that disregard their lifestyle and needs.
Visitors to Dubai will be able to get a glimpse into the life of an Emirati Bedouin with the launch of the new Al Marmoom Bedouin Experience.
Although Israel outlawed polygamy decades ago, it's widespread in the impoverished Bedouin sector.
Therefore, many Bedouins are forced to "choose" to settle their land claims only to avoid losing absolutely everything.
TEHRAN (FNA)- Israeli police backed by heavy machinery Tuesday demolished the Bedouin village of al-Araqib in the Naqab region, in Southern Israel, for the 116th time since 2010.
Along the time, around the world, confusion was created regarding the origins of Bedouins and especially the origin of Islam.
Bedouins, the majority of whom are Sunnis, lived nomadic lives, crisscrossing the region and stopping to let livestock graze in the Bekaa Valley.
On a visit to the Negev (Naqab) region in the south of the country, Shamir claimed, "First of all we need to take all of the bedouins and start moving them out of the (Negev) desert, and move them closer to the normal country in terms of legislation, life style, socio-economical level, education, job opportunities."
Al Jiza is an important zone of stability for the Bedouins, and there are dozens of houses there.
Sinai is home to more than 30 tribes of Bedouins, each having its own dialect.
Occupied Jerusalem, Feb.12 (Petra) - A new book released recently has unveiled another crime that the Israeli soldiers had committed against the Negev Bedouin in 1972.
The letter said that plan, which was expected to get final approval by the end of this year, would result in "the destruction of more than 35 Palestinian towns and villages in Al-Naqab (Negev) in the south of Israel and the expulsion and confinement of up to 70,000 Palestinian Bedouins".