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(also decubitus ulcer), the necrosis of soft tissues resulting from constant pressure and accompanied by circulatory and trophic nerve disorders. Bedsores develop in persons confined to bed for a prolonged period, for example, in elderly patients with fractures, in patients with diseases of the central nervous system, and in patients with traumas of the spinal cord.

Bedsores form in the region of the sacrum, shoulder blades, heels, or elbow joints. The skin, which is the superficies of the bedsore, is affected, as is the subcutaneous cellular tissue that contains muscles. A deep subcutaneous bedsore is dangerous in that it can result in an infected wound and intoxication. A bedsore may develop because of pressure on the skin from a plaster cast or from an orthopedic prosthesis or apparatus. It may also develop on the mucosa of the mouth because of pressure caused by dental prostheses.

Treatment of bedsores includes ultraviolet irradiation, administration of potassium permanganate solutions, application of dressings, use of general analeptic measures, and less frequently, surgery. Prophylaxis includes good care of the skin, for example, by rubbing, and a regular change of linens, and the use of bedpans and special pneumatic massaging mattresses. It is also important occasionally to shift the patient’s position in bed.

References in periodicals archive ?
This is your brain's subconscious way of telling you to move areas of your body that have restricted blood supply and which are, as a result, susceptible to developing pressure ulcers (also known as bedsores or pressure sores).
At about a little over an inch square, the cells are small enough to move the point of contact off of points in danger of developing bedsores without feeling awkward.
Bedsores hit 412,000 NHS patients a year and the latest figures show they killed 4,708 people between 2003 and 2008 - close to the MRSA death-toll.
C ONCERN has been raised about the frequency of bedsores - also known as pressure sores or ulcers - in NHS hospitals and in care homes.
She was re-admitted to hospital when the bedsore became severely infected but tragically died just a few days later.
Further, the plaintiff presented testimony from a Registered Nurse who, testifying as a nursing expert, stated that after the patient's bedsores were diagnosed, the patient was not turned for periods ranging from three to eight hours.
Anyone who has suffered from a bedsore will know how very painful and unpleasant the condition can be.
Soung conducted a monthly exam and wrote that the patient had "not much change in condition," without even mentioning the bedsore.
Open procedure for the provision in the charter of bedsore systems needed to AA.
Ann, 61, who had lived with Parkinson's disease for 15 years, contracted septicaemia after a bedsore she got in either Ennis General Hospital or Cahercalla respite care centre in Ennis was left untreated.
Surveyors spend as much regulatory time on a burnt out light bulb as they do an avoidable bedsore.