Bedouin

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Bedouin

(bĕd`o͞oĭn) [Arab.,=desert dwellers], primarily nomad Arab peoples of the Middle East, where they form about 10% of the population. They are of the same Semitic stock as their sedentary neighbors (the fellahin; see ArabsArabs,
name originally applied to the Semitic peoples of the Arabian Peninsula. It now refers to those persons whose primary language is Arabic. They constitute most of the population of Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi
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) and share with them a devout belief in IslamIslam
, [Arab.,=submission to God], world religion founded by the Prophet Muhammad. Founded in the 7th cent., Islam is the youngest of the three monotheistic world religions (with Judaism and Christianity). An adherent to Islam is a Muslim [Arab.,=one who submits].
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 and a distrust of any but their own local traditions and way of life. Camel and sheep breeding provide their main livelihood. Land is divided into recognized tribal orbits within which are roving family groups. The tribe is a community of equals headed by a sheikh. Among the Bedouin, hospitality and simple, immediate justice are first rules of conduct. Although Bedouin have traditionally avoided agricultural work, settlement policies of the various Middle Eastern states in the 20th cent. have forced many of them into a sedentary life.

Bibliography

See E. Marx, Bedouin of the Negev (1967); E. Nevins and T. Wright, World Without Time (1969).

Bedouin

a nomadic desert Arab. [Br. Folklore: Espy, 98]

Bedouin

, Beduin
a member of any of the nomadic tribes of Arabs inhabiting the deserts of Arabia, Jordan, and Syria, as well as parts of the Sahara
References in periodicals archive ?
At length the bedu climbed down and pestered the camels with little sticks until they knelt.
Bedu have a malignant prejudice against the hat, and believe that our persistence in wearing it (due probably to British obstinacy of dictation) is founded on some immoral or irreligious principle.
Los bedu debido a las adversas condiciones de sobrevivencia, respetaban sobremanera al otro -comian, bebian y fumaban en conjunto, jamas solos- y nunca intentaban sacar ventaja de otro companero.
Pebercan's exploration manager, Patrice Bedu, told Upstream magazine on Oct.
This leads to considerations that Arab culture is based on so-called "traditional" values, inherited, for instance, from a mythical Bedu way of life, cradle of purity, as opposed to "modernity," which amounts to rejecting the imports of cultural mixture, viewed as a result of foreign domination.
I was even told by one Bedu, who hired his horses out to tourists, that they had air conditioning.
Three of the four volumes under review here deal with aspects of the articulation and conceptualization of the relationship between nomadism and sedentariness, between the Bedu and the oppidans, in the early Islamic Middle Ages.
And I want it to be read by every young Arab who has never been a Bedu.
Similarly, Thesiger proclaims: "Without the presence of those Bedu, the deserts of southern Arabia would have been as meaningless to me as the Antarctic" (Trench 7).
A seasoned Arabist and explorer, Asher has previously published a biography of the explorer and author Wilfred Thesiger and a study of Lawrence's adopted brothers, the Bedu.
We decided to sleep outdoors without a tent--just my wife, our Bedu guide, and I.