Bedouin

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Bedouin

(bĕd`o͞oĭn) [Arab.,=desert dwellers], primarily nomad Arab peoples of the Middle East, where they form about 10% of the population. They are of the same Semitic stock as their sedentary neighbors (the fellahin; see ArabsArabs,
name originally applied to the Semitic peoples of the Arabian Peninsula. It now refers to those persons whose primary language is Arabic. They constitute most of the population of Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi
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) and share with them a devout belief in IslamIslam
, [Arab.,=submission to God], world religion founded by the Prophet Muhammad. Founded in the 7th cent., Islam is the youngest of the three monotheistic world religions (with Judaism and Christianity). An adherent to Islam is a Muslim [Arab.,=one who submits].
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 and a distrust of any but their own local traditions and way of life. Camel and sheep breeding provide their main livelihood. Land is divided into recognized tribal orbits within which are roving family groups. The tribe is a community of equals headed by a sheikh. Among the Bedouin, hospitality and simple, immediate justice are first rules of conduct. Although Bedouin have traditionally avoided agricultural work, settlement policies of the various Middle Eastern states in the 20th and 21st cent. have forced many of them into a sedentary life.

Bibliography

See E. Marx, Bedouin of the Negev (1967); E. Nevins and T. Wright, World Without Time (1969).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

Bedouin

a nomadic desert Arab. [Br. Folklore: Espy, 98]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Bedouin

, Beduin
a member of any of the nomadic tribes of Arabs inhabiting the deserts of Arabia, Jordan, and Syria, as well as parts of the Sahara
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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At length the bedu climbed down and pestered the camels with little sticks until they knelt.
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(81) Their rewards were great: the unwavering support of several large and powerful Bani Yas subsections and other Bedu tribes, including the Dhawahir, the Bani Qitab, the Awamir, the Mazariah and, by the close of nineteenth century, even the historically Omani-aligned Naim.
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A large part of the population was Bedu - for thousands of years, a son would join his father in attending to livestock and taking part in tribal affairs, while a daughter would get into stitching clothes and preparing food.
In his 1959 book, Arabian Sands, Thesiger said Shaikh Zayed "had a great reputation among the Bedu [bedouin].
Based on Sir Wilfred's fantastic journeys across the Arabian Peninsula and the five incredible years he spent among the desert Arabs and the Beduin -- he chooses to call them Bedu as they are known in Arabic -- is easily the best on the subject.
His Majesty Sultan Qaboos bin Said has constantly called upon females all over the country, in the villages and the cities, in both urban and Bedu communities, in the hills and mountains, to lend their full support to the continuing development of their country.
We need to be interested in the immensely complex, multi-faceted history of Bahrain, with people from the sub-continent, Najdis, Howala, Ajam, Jewish, Siddi, Bedu, the numerous tribal families of these regions, to name only a few of the many significant communities that exist or existed.