Bedouin

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Bedouin

(bĕd`o͞oĭn) [Arab.,=desert dwellers], primarily nomad Arab peoples of the Middle East, where they form about 10% of the population. They are of the same Semitic stock as their sedentary neighbors (the fellahin; see ArabsArabs,
name originally applied to the Semitic peoples of the Arabian Peninsula. It now refers to those persons whose primary language is Arabic. They constitute most of the population of Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi
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) and share with them a devout belief in IslamIslam
, [Arab.,=submission to God], world religion founded by the Prophet Muhammad. Founded in the 7th cent., Islam is the youngest of the three monotheistic world religions (with Judaism and Christianity). An adherent to Islam is a Muslim [Arab.,=one who submits].
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 and a distrust of any but their own local traditions and way of life. Camel and sheep breeding provide their main livelihood. Land is divided into recognized tribal orbits within which are roving family groups. The tribe is a community of equals headed by a sheikh. Among the Bedouin, hospitality and simple, immediate justice are first rules of conduct. Although Bedouin have traditionally avoided agricultural work, settlement policies of the various Middle Eastern states in the 20th cent. have forced many of them into a sedentary life.

Bibliography

See E. Marx, Bedouin of the Negev (1967); E. Nevins and T. Wright, World Without Time (1969).

Bedouin

a nomadic desert Arab. [Br. Folklore: Espy, 98]

Bedouin

, Beduin
a member of any of the nomadic tribes of Arabs inhabiting the deserts of Arabia, Jordan, and Syria, as well as parts of the Sahara
References in periodicals archive ?
Arava president, Yosef Abramowitz said, "If Israel's government doesn't allocate a significant quota for Beduin solar fields, it will be difficult for these citizens of Israel to genuinely participate in the domestic solar industry, as they are in a disadvantaged position compared with other landowners.
Abarbanel disputes this interpretation, stating that the natural substance called man by the Beduin is in fact named after the miraculous man, not the other way around.
In Amman, the Hashemite monarchy and its Beduin army are trying to govern a population with a Palestinian majority.
The rather undignified ride provides me an opportunity to converse with my Beduin guide, a superb horseman, and father of many.
In Le Monde Diplomatique Joseph Algazy has written of the queues of single mothers, the homeless, the unemployed, and even Beduin ejected from their traditional land, lining up or sleeping on the pavement outside Israeli government offices in Tel Aviv and Jerusalem, all of them victims of Sharon's neo-conservative, 'anti-social' policies.
In a characteristic passage, Doughty speaks of "the cheerful musing Beduin talk, a lesson in the traveller's school of mere humanity" and he fills his work with these stories.
Al-Jawhar[bar{i}], who was from Farab (Utr[bar{a}]r) in northern Transoxania, traveled widely, spending time with the Beduin in Syria and Hij[bar{a}]z, and eventually settling in Nays[bar{a}]b[bar{u}]r where he died in 397/1007.
Sun acquired browser technology last year from Beduin Communications Inc, and there was a suspicion that Beduin would overlap with the STNC product.
More than 700 `terrorists' were killed during Sharon's mandate: thousands of Beduin tribespeople were also driven out of Gaza to make way for incoming Jewish settlers.
Hemoglobin (Hb) [4] Rambam or J-Cambridge was first reported more than three decades ago in a Beduin family (1) from Israel and in an English family (2).
Loyal regiments, usually recruited from Beduin tribes and established Jordanian families, ensured the permanence of Hashemite rule in a country encircled by larger, more powerful states.
The result of the recent acquisition of Beduin, Communications, Inc.