Bedouin

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Bedouin

(bĕd`o͞oĭn) [Arab.,=desert dwellers], primarily nomad Arab peoples of the Middle East, where they form about 10% of the population. They are of the same Semitic stock as their sedentary neighbors (the fellahin; see ArabsArabs,
name originally applied to the Semitic peoples of the Arabian Peninsula. It now refers to those persons whose primary language is Arabic. They constitute most of the population of Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi
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) and share with them a devout belief in IslamIslam
, [Arab.,=submission to God], world religion founded by the Prophet Muhammad. Founded in the 7th cent., Islam is the youngest of the three monotheistic world religions (with Judaism and Christianity). An adherent to Islam is a Muslim [Arab.,=one who submits].
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 and a distrust of any but their own local traditions and way of life. Camel and sheep breeding provide their main livelihood. Land is divided into recognized tribal orbits within which are roving family groups. The tribe is a community of equals headed by a sheikh. Among the Bedouin, hospitality and simple, immediate justice are first rules of conduct. Although Bedouin have traditionally avoided agricultural work, settlement policies of the various Middle Eastern states in the 20th cent. have forced many of them into a sedentary life.

Bibliography

See E. Marx, Bedouin of the Negev (1967); E. Nevins and T. Wright, World Without Time (1969).

Bedouin

a nomadic desert Arab. [Br. Folklore: Espy, 98]

Bedouin

, Beduin
a member of any of the nomadic tribes of Arabs inhabiting the deserts of Arabia, Jordan, and Syria, as well as parts of the Sahara
References in periodicals archive ?
Arava president, Yosef Abramowitz said, "If Israel's government doesn't allocate a significant quota for Beduin solar fields, it will be difficult for these citizens of Israel to genuinely participate in the domestic solar industry, as they are in a disadvantaged position compared with other landowners.
More than 700 `terrorists' were killed during Sharon's mandate: thousands of Beduin tribespeople were also driven out of Gaza to make way for incoming Jewish settlers.
Hemoglobin (Hb) [4] Rambam or J-Cambridge was first reported more than three decades ago in a Beduin family (1) from Israel and in an English family (2).
Loyal regiments, usually recruited from Beduin tribes and established Jordanian families, ensured the permanence of Hashemite rule in a country encircled by larger, more powerful states.
The result of the recent acquisition of Beduin, Communications, Inc.
Based on Sir Wilfred's fantastic journeys across the Arabian Peninsula and the five incredible years he spent among the desert Arabs and the Beduin -- he chooses to call them Bedu as they are known in Arabic -- is easily the best on the subject.
Now to Israel where, save for Negev Beduin, the Haredi birthrate outpaces all others by far.
has abandoned the Sinai Peninsula in face of growing Beduin violence, and that
Jerusalem -- PNN -- A mosque in the Beduin city of Rahat was demolished early Sunday morning.
After 50 years the beduin are still being driven off their traditional land in the Naqab.
London, November 13 (ANI): As many as 8,000 Beduin tribesmen in northern Israel claim that they are related to U.
One thing's for sure - while Sun will use the Beduin Communications browser technology it acquired last year for developing system software for screen phones and other small footprint devices with GUIs, Beduin's technologies will definitely not figure in any future Netscape-derived clients, Tolliver says.