Bee, Barnard

Bee, Barnard (Elliott)

(1824–61) Confederate soldier; born in Charleston, S.C. A West Point graduate (1845) and Mexican War hero, Bee left his frontier post in 1861 to fight for the Confederacy. At the first battle of Bull Run he inadvertently originated the nickname "Stonewall" for General T. J. Jackson and his brigade when he exhorted his inexperienced troops to rally by crying, "Look at Jackson's brigade—it stands like a stone wall! Rally behind the Virginians." Mortally wounded, Bee survived the battle by one day.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.